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Java Standard Edition (SE)

GlyphVector


java.awt.font

Class GlyphVector

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Cloneable


    public abstract class GlyphVector
    extends Object
    implements Cloneable
    A GlyphVector object is a collection of glyphs containing geometric information for the placement of each glyph in a transformed coordinate space which corresponds to the device on which the GlyphVector is ultimately displayed.

    The GlyphVector does not attempt any interpretation of the sequence of glyphs it contains. Relationships between adjacent glyphs in sequence are solely used to determine the placement of the glyphs in the visual coordinate space.

    Instances of GlyphVector are created by a Font.

    In a text processing application that can cache intermediate representations of text, creation and subsequent caching of a GlyphVector for use during rendering is the fastest method to present the visual representation of characters to a user.

    A GlyphVector is associated with exactly one Font, and can provide data useful only in relation to this Font. In addition, metrics obtained from a GlyphVector are not generally geometrically scaleable since the pixelization and spacing are dependent on grid-fitting algorithms within a Font. To facilitate accurate measurement of a GlyphVector and its component glyphs, you must specify a scaling transform, anti-alias mode, and fractional metrics mode when creating the GlyphVector. These characteristics can be derived from the destination device.

    For each glyph in the GlyphVector, you can obtain:

    • the position of the glyph
    • the transform associated with the glyph
    • the metrics of the glyph in the context of the GlyphVector. The metrics of the glyph may be different under different transforms, application specified rendering hints, and the specific instance of the glyph within the GlyphVector.

    Altering the data used to create the GlyphVector does not alter the state of the GlyphVector.

    Methods are provided to adjust the positions of the glyphs within the GlyphVector. These methods are most appropriate for applications that are performing justification operations for the presentation of the glyphs.

    Methods are provided to transform individual glyphs within the GlyphVector. These methods are primarily useful for special effects.

    Methods are provided to return both the visual, logical, and pixel bounds of the entire GlyphVector or of individual glyphs within the GlyphVector.

    Methods are provided to return a Shape for the GlyphVector, and for individual glyphs within the GlyphVector.

    See Also:
    Font, GlyphMetrics, TextLayout
    • Field Summary

      Fields 
      Modifier and Type Field and Description
      static int FLAG_COMPLEX_GLYPHS
      A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has a complex glyph-to-char mapping (one that does not map glyphs to chars one-to-one in strictly ascending or descending order matching the run direction).
      static int FLAG_HAS_POSITION_ADJUSTMENTS
      A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has position adjustments.
      static int FLAG_HAS_TRANSFORMS
      A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has per-glyph transforms.
      static int FLAG_MASK
      A mask for supported flags from getLayoutFlags.
      static int FLAG_RUN_RTL
      A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has a right-to-left run direction.
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor and Description
      GlyphVector() 
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Instance Methods Abstract Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      abstract boolean equals(GlyphVector set)
      Tests if the specified GlyphVector exactly equals this GlyphVector.
      abstract Font getFont()
      Returns the Font associated with this GlyphVector.
      abstract FontRenderContext getFontRenderContext()
      Returns the FontRenderContext associated with this GlyphVector.
      int getGlyphCharIndex(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the character index of the specified glyph.
      int[] getGlyphCharIndices(int beginGlyphIndex, int numEntries, int[] codeReturn)
      Returns the character indices of the specified glyphs.
      abstract int getGlyphCode(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the glyphcode of the specified glyph.
      abstract int[] getGlyphCodes(int beginGlyphIndex, int numEntries, int[] codeReturn)
      Returns an array of glyphcodes for the specified glyphs.
      abstract GlyphJustificationInfo getGlyphJustificationInfo(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the justification information for the glyph at the specified index into this GlyphVector.
      abstract Shape getGlyphLogicalBounds(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the logical bounds of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector.
      abstract GlyphMetrics getGlyphMetrics(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the metrics of the glyph at the specified index into this GlyphVector.
      abstract Shape getGlyphOutline(int glyphIndex)
      Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector.
      Shape getGlyphOutline(int glyphIndex, float x, float y)
      Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector, offset to x, y.
      Rectangle getGlyphPixelBounds(int index, FontRenderContext renderFRC, float x, float y)
      Returns the pixel bounds of the glyph at index when this GlyphVector is rendered in a Graphics with the given FontRenderContext at the given location.
      abstract Point2D getGlyphPosition(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the position of the specified glyph relative to the origin of this GlyphVector.
      abstract float[] getGlyphPositions(int beginGlyphIndex, int numEntries, float[] positionReturn)
      Returns an array of glyph positions for the specified glyphs.
      abstract AffineTransform getGlyphTransform(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the transform of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector.
      abstract Shape getGlyphVisualBounds(int glyphIndex)
      Returns the visual bounds of the specified glyph within the GlyphVector.
      int getLayoutFlags()
      Returns flags describing the global state of the GlyphVector.
      abstract Rectangle2D getLogicalBounds()
      Returns the logical bounds of this GlyphVector.
      abstract int getNumGlyphs()
      Returns the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector.
      abstract Shape getOutline()
      Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of this GlyphVector.
      abstract Shape getOutline(float x, float y)
      Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of this GlyphVector when rendered at x, y.
      Rectangle getPixelBounds(FontRenderContext renderFRC, float x, float y)
      Returns the pixel bounds of this GlyphVector when rendered in a graphics with the given FontRenderContext at the given location.
      abstract Rectangle2D getVisualBounds()
      Returns the visual bounds of this GlyphVector The visual bounds is the bounding box of the outline of this GlyphVector.
      abstract void performDefaultLayout()
      Assigns default positions to each glyph in this GlyphVector.
      abstract void setGlyphPosition(int glyphIndex, Point2D newPos)
      Sets the position of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector.
      abstract void setGlyphTransform(int glyphIndex, AffineTransform newTX)
      Sets the transform of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector.
    • Field Detail

      • FLAG_HAS_TRANSFORMS

        public static final int FLAG_HAS_TRANSFORMS
        A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has per-glyph transforms.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • FLAG_HAS_POSITION_ADJUSTMENTS

        public static final int FLAG_HAS_POSITION_ADJUSTMENTS
        A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has position adjustments. When this is true, the glyph positions don't match the accumulated default advances of the glyphs (for example, if kerning has been done).
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • FLAG_RUN_RTL

        public static final int FLAG_RUN_RTL
        A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has a right-to-left run direction. This refers to the glyph-to-char mapping and does not imply that the visual locations of the glyphs are necessarily in this order, although generally they will be.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • FLAG_COMPLEX_GLYPHS

        public static final int FLAG_COMPLEX_GLYPHS
        A flag used with getLayoutFlags that indicates that this GlyphVector has a complex glyph-to-char mapping (one that does not map glyphs to chars one-to-one in strictly ascending or descending order matching the run direction).
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • FLAG_MASK

        public static final int FLAG_MASK
        A mask for supported flags from getLayoutFlags. Only bits covered by the mask should be tested.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
    • Constructor Detail

      • GlyphVector

        public GlyphVector()
    • Method Detail

      • getFont

        public abstract Font getFont()
        Returns the Font associated with this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        Font used to create this GlyphVector.
        See Also:
        Font
      • performDefaultLayout

        public abstract void performDefaultLayout()
        Assigns default positions to each glyph in this GlyphVector. This can destroy information generated during initial layout of this GlyphVector.
      • getNumGlyphs

        public abstract int getNumGlyphs()
        Returns the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        number of glyphs in this GlyphVector.
      • getGlyphCode

        public abstract int getGlyphCode(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the glyphcode of the specified glyph. This return value is meaningless to anything other than the Font object that created this GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector that corresponds to the glyph from which to retrieve the glyphcode.
        Returns:
        the glyphcode of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
      • getGlyphCodes

        public abstract int[] getGlyphCodes(int beginGlyphIndex,
                                            int numEntries,
                                            int[] codeReturn)
        Returns an array of glyphcodes for the specified glyphs. The contents of this return value are meaningless to anything other than the Font used to create this GlyphVector. This method is used for convenience and performance when processing glyphcodes. If no array is passed in, a new array is created.
        Parameters:
        beginGlyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector at which to start retrieving glyphcodes
        numEntries - the number of glyphcodes to retrieve
        codeReturn - the array that receives the glyphcodes and is then returned
        Returns:
        an array of glyphcodes for the specified glyphs.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if numEntries is less than 0
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if beginGlyphIndex is less than 0
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the sum of beginGlyphIndex and numEntries is greater than the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
      • getGlyphCharIndex

        public int getGlyphCharIndex(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the character index of the specified glyph. The character index is the index of the first logical character represented by the glyph. The default implementation assumes a one-to-one, left-to-right mapping of glyphs to characters.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index of the glyph
        Returns:
        the index of the first character represented by the glyph
        Since:
        1.4
      • getGlyphCharIndices

        public int[] getGlyphCharIndices(int beginGlyphIndex,
                                         int numEntries,
                                         int[] codeReturn)
        Returns the character indices of the specified glyphs. The character index is the index of the first logical character represented by the glyph. Indices are returned in glyph order. The default implementation invokes getGlyphCharIndex for each glyph, and subclassers will probably want to override this implementation for performance reasons. Use this method for convenience and performance in processing of glyphcodes. If no array is passed in, a new array is created.
        Parameters:
        beginGlyphIndex - the index of the first glyph
        numEntries - the number of glyph indices
        codeReturn - the array into which to return the character indices
        Returns:
        an array of character indices, one per glyph.
        Since:
        1.4
      • getLogicalBounds

        public abstract Rectangle2D getLogicalBounds()
        Returns the logical bounds of this GlyphVector. This method is used when positioning this GlyphVector in relation to visually adjacent GlyphVector objects.
        Returns:
        a Rectangle2D that is the logical bounds of this GlyphVector.
      • getVisualBounds

        public abstract Rectangle2D getVisualBounds()
        Returns the visual bounds of this GlyphVector The visual bounds is the bounding box of the outline of this GlyphVector. Because of rasterization and alignment of pixels, it is possible that this box does not enclose all pixels affected by rendering this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        a Rectangle2D that is the bounding box of this GlyphVector.
      • getPixelBounds

        public Rectangle getPixelBounds(FontRenderContext renderFRC,
                                        float x,
                                        float y)
        Returns the pixel bounds of this GlyphVector when rendered in a graphics with the given FontRenderContext at the given location. The renderFRC need not be the same as the FontRenderContext of this GlyphVector, and can be null. If it is null, the FontRenderContext of this GlyphVector is used. The default implementation returns the visual bounds, offset to x, y and rounded out to the next integer value (i.e. returns an integer rectangle which encloses the visual bounds) and ignores the FRC. Subclassers should override this method.
        Parameters:
        renderFRC - the FontRenderContext of the Graphics.
        x - the x-coordinate at which to render this GlyphVector.
        y - the y-coordinate at which to render this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        a Rectangle bounding the pixels that would be affected.
        Since:
        1.4
      • getOutline

        public abstract Shape getOutline()
        Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        a Shape that is the outline of this GlyphVector.
      • getOutline

        public abstract Shape getOutline(float x,
                                         float y)
        Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of this GlyphVector when rendered at x, y.
        Parameters:
        x - the X coordinate of this GlyphVector.
        y - the Y coordinate of this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        a Shape that is the outline of this GlyphVector when rendered at the specified coordinates.
      • getGlyphOutline

        public abstract Shape getGlyphOutline(int glyphIndex)
        Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector. The outline returned by this method is positioned around the origin of each individual glyph.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector
        Returns:
        a Shape that is the outline of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex of this GlyphVector.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
      • getGlyphOutline

        public Shape getGlyphOutline(int glyphIndex,
                                     float x,
                                     float y)
        Returns a Shape whose interior corresponds to the visual representation of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector, offset to x, y. The outline returned by this method is positioned around the origin of each individual glyph.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector
        x - the X coordinate of the location of this GlyphVector
        y - the Y coordinate of the location of this GlyphVector
        Returns:
        a Shape that is the outline of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex of this GlyphVector when rendered at the specified coordinates.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        Since:
        1.4
      • getGlyphPosition

        public abstract Point2D getGlyphPosition(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the position of the specified glyph relative to the origin of this GlyphVector. If glyphIndex equals the number of of glyphs in this GlyphVector, this method returns the position after the last glyph. This position is used to define the advance of the entire GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector
        Returns:
        a Point2D object that is the position of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        See Also:
        setGlyphPosition(int, java.awt.geom.Point2D)
      • setGlyphPosition

        public abstract void setGlyphPosition(int glyphIndex,
                                              Point2D newPos)
        Sets the position of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector. If glyphIndex equals the number of of glyphs in this GlyphVector, this method sets the position after the last glyph. This position is used to define the advance of the entire GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector
        newPos - the Point2D at which to position the glyph at the specified glyphIndex
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        See Also:
        getGlyphPosition(int)
      • getGlyphTransform

        public abstract AffineTransform getGlyphTransform(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the transform of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector. The transform is relative to the glyph position. If no special transform has been applied, null can be returned. A null return indicates an identity transform.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector
        Returns:
        an AffineTransform that is the transform of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        See Also:
        setGlyphTransform(int, java.awt.geom.AffineTransform)
      • setGlyphTransform

        public abstract void setGlyphTransform(int glyphIndex,
                                               AffineTransform newTX)
        Sets the transform of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector. The transform is relative to the glyph position. A null argument for newTX indicates that no special transform is applied for the specified glyph. This method can be used to rotate, mirror, translate and scale the glyph. Adding a transform can result in significant performance changes.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector
        newTX - the new transform of the glyph at glyphIndex
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        See Also:
        getGlyphTransform(int)
      • getLayoutFlags

        public int getLayoutFlags()
        Returns flags describing the global state of the GlyphVector. Flags not described below are reserved. The default implementation returns 0 (meaning false) for the position adjustments, transforms, rtl, and complex flags. Subclassers should override this method, and make sure it correctly describes the GlyphVector and corresponds to the results of related calls.
        Returns:
        an int containing the flags describing the state
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        FLAG_HAS_POSITION_ADJUSTMENTS, FLAG_HAS_TRANSFORMS, FLAG_RUN_RTL, FLAG_COMPLEX_GLYPHS, FLAG_MASK
      • getGlyphPositions

        public abstract float[] getGlyphPositions(int beginGlyphIndex,
                                                  int numEntries,
                                                  float[] positionReturn)
        Returns an array of glyph positions for the specified glyphs. This method is used for convenience and performance when processing glyph positions. If no array is passed in, a new array is created. Even numbered array entries beginning with position zero are the X coordinates of the glyph numbered beginGlyphIndex + position/2. Odd numbered array entries beginning with position one are the Y coordinates of the glyph numbered beginGlyphIndex + (position-1)/2. If beginGlyphIndex equals the number of of glyphs in this GlyphVector, this method gets the position after the last glyph and this position is used to define the advance of the entire GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        beginGlyphIndex - the index at which to begin retrieving glyph positions
        numEntries - the number of glyphs to retrieve
        positionReturn - the array that receives the glyph positions and is then returned.
        Returns:
        an array of glyph positions specified by beginGlyphIndex and numEntries.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if numEntries is less than 0
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if beginGlyphIndex is less than 0
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the sum of beginGlyphIndex and numEntries is greater than the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector plus one
      • getGlyphLogicalBounds

        public abstract Shape getGlyphLogicalBounds(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the logical bounds of the specified glyph within this GlyphVector. These logical bounds have a total of four edges, with two edges parallel to the baseline under the glyph's transform and the other two edges are shared with adjacent glyphs if they are present. This method is useful for hit-testing of the specified glyph, positioning of a caret at the leading or trailing edge of a glyph, and for drawing a highlight region around the specified glyph.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector that corresponds to the glyph from which to retrieve its logical bounds
        Returns:
        a Shape that is the logical bounds of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        See Also:
        getGlyphVisualBounds(int)
      • getGlyphVisualBounds

        public abstract Shape getGlyphVisualBounds(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the visual bounds of the specified glyph within the GlyphVector. The bounds returned by this method is positioned around the origin of each individual glyph.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector that corresponds to the glyph from which to retrieve its visual bounds
        Returns:
        a Shape that is the visual bounds of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
        See Also:
        getGlyphLogicalBounds(int)
      • getGlyphPixelBounds

        public Rectangle getGlyphPixelBounds(int index,
                                             FontRenderContext renderFRC,
                                             float x,
                                             float y)
        Returns the pixel bounds of the glyph at index when this GlyphVector is rendered in a Graphics with the given FontRenderContext at the given location. The renderFRC need not be the same as the FontRenderContext of this GlyphVector, and can be null. If it is null, the FontRenderContext of this GlyphVector is used. The default implementation returns the visual bounds of the glyph, offset to x, y and rounded out to the next integer value, and ignores the FRC. Subclassers should override this method.
        Parameters:
        index - the index of the glyph.
        renderFRC - the FontRenderContext of the Graphics.
        x - the X position at which to render this GlyphVector.
        y - the Y position at which to render this GlyphVector.
        Returns:
        a Rectangle bounding the pixels that would be affected.
        Since:
        1.4
      • getGlyphMetrics

        public abstract GlyphMetrics getGlyphMetrics(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the metrics of the glyph at the specified index into this GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector that corresponds to the glyph from which to retrieve its metrics
        Returns:
        a GlyphMetrics object that represents the metrics of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex into this GlyphVector.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
      • getGlyphJustificationInfo

        public abstract GlyphJustificationInfo getGlyphJustificationInfo(int glyphIndex)
        Returns the justification information for the glyph at the specified index into this GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        glyphIndex - the index into this GlyphVector that corresponds to the glyph from which to retrieve its justification properties
        Returns:
        a GlyphJustificationInfo object that represents the justification properties of the glyph at the specified glyphIndex into this GlyphVector.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if glyphIndex is less than 0 or greater than or equal to the number of glyphs in this GlyphVector
      • equals

        public abstract boolean equals(GlyphVector set)
        Tests if the specified GlyphVector exactly equals this GlyphVector.
        Parameters:
        set - the specified GlyphVector to test
        Returns:
        true if the specified GlyphVector equals this GlyphVector; false otherwise.


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