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Java Standard Edition (SE)

GridLayout


java.awt

Class GridLayout

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    LayoutManager, Serializable


    public class GridLayout
    extends Object
    implements LayoutManager, Serializable
    The GridLayout class is a layout manager that lays out a container's components in a rectangular grid. The container is divided into equal-sized rectangles, and one component is placed in each rectangle. For example, the following is an applet that lays out six buttons into three rows and two columns:
     import java.awt.*;
     import java.applet.Applet;
     public class ButtonGrid extends Applet {
         public void init() {
             setLayout(new GridLayout(3,2));
             add(new Button("1"));
             add(new Button("2"));
             add(new Button("3"));
             add(new Button("4"));
             add(new Button("5"));
             add(new Button("6"));
         }
     }
     

    If the container's ComponentOrientation property is horizontal and left-to-right, the above example produces the output shown in Figure 1. If the container's ComponentOrientation property is horizontal and right-to-left, the example produces the output shown in Figure 2.

    shows 6 buttons in rows of 2. row 1 shows buttons 1 then 2.
 row 2 shows buttons 3 then 4. row 3 shows buttons 5 then 6. shows 6 buttons in rows of 2. row 1 shows buttons 2 then 1.
 row 2 shows buttons 4 then 3. row 3 shows buttons 6 then 5.
    Figure 1: Horizontal, Left-to-Right Figure 2: Horizontal, Right-to-Left

    When both the number of rows and the number of columns have been set to non-zero values, either by a constructor or by the setRows and setColumns methods, the number of columns specified is ignored. Instead, the number of columns is determined from the specified number of rows and the total number of components in the layout. So, for example, if three rows and two columns have been specified and nine components are added to the layout, they will be displayed as three rows of three columns. Specifying the number of columns affects the layout only when the number of rows is set to zero.

    Since:
    JDK1.0
    See Also:
    Serialized Form
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor and Description
      GridLayout()
      Creates a grid layout with a default of one column per component, in a single row.
      GridLayout(int rows, int cols)
      Creates a grid layout with the specified number of rows and columns.
      GridLayout(int rows, int cols, int hgap, int vgap)
      Creates a grid layout with the specified number of rows and columns.
    • Constructor Detail

      • GridLayout

        public GridLayout()
        Creates a grid layout with a default of one column per component, in a single row.
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • GridLayout

        public GridLayout(int rows,
                          int cols)
        Creates a grid layout with the specified number of rows and columns. All components in the layout are given equal size.

        One, but not both, of rows and cols can be zero, which means that any number of objects can be placed in a row or in a column.

        Parameters:
        rows - the rows, with the value zero meaning any number of rows.
        cols - the columns, with the value zero meaning any number of columns.
      • GridLayout

        public GridLayout(int rows,
                          int cols,
                          int hgap,
                          int vgap)
        Creates a grid layout with the specified number of rows and columns. All components in the layout are given equal size.

        In addition, the horizontal and vertical gaps are set to the specified values. Horizontal gaps are placed between each of the columns. Vertical gaps are placed between each of the rows.

        One, but not both, of rows and cols can be zero, which means that any number of objects can be placed in a row or in a column.

        All GridLayout constructors defer to this one.

        Parameters:
        rows - the rows, with the value zero meaning any number of rows
        cols - the columns, with the value zero meaning any number of columns
        hgap - the horizontal gap
        vgap - the vertical gap
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value of both rows and cols is set to zero
    • Method Detail

      • getRows

        public int getRows()
        Gets the number of rows in this layout.
        Returns:
        the number of rows in this layout
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • setRows

        public void setRows(int rows)
        Sets the number of rows in this layout to the specified value.
        Parameters:
        rows - the number of rows in this layout
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value of both rows and cols is set to zero
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • getColumns

        public int getColumns()
        Gets the number of columns in this layout.
        Returns:
        the number of columns in this layout
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • setColumns

        public void setColumns(int cols)
        Sets the number of columns in this layout to the specified value. Setting the number of columns has no affect on the layout if the number of rows specified by a constructor or by the setRows method is non-zero. In that case, the number of columns displayed in the layout is determined by the total number of components and the number of rows specified.
        Parameters:
        cols - the number of columns in this layout
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if the value of both rows and cols is set to zero
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • getHgap

        public int getHgap()
        Gets the horizontal gap between components.
        Returns:
        the horizontal gap between components
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • setHgap

        public void setHgap(int hgap)
        Sets the horizontal gap between components to the specified value.
        Parameters:
        hgap - the horizontal gap between components
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • getVgap

        public int getVgap()
        Gets the vertical gap between components.
        Returns:
        the vertical gap between components
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • setVgap

        public void setVgap(int vgap)
        Sets the vertical gap between components to the specified value.
        Parameters:
        vgap - the vertical gap between components
        Since:
        JDK1.1
      • addLayoutComponent

        public void addLayoutComponent(String name,
                                       Component comp)
        Adds the specified component with the specified name to the layout.
        Specified by:
        addLayoutComponent in interface LayoutManager
        Parameters:
        name - the name of the component
        comp - the component to be added
      • removeLayoutComponent

        public void removeLayoutComponent(Component comp)
        Removes the specified component from the layout.
        Specified by:
        removeLayoutComponent in interface LayoutManager
        Parameters:
        comp - the component to be removed
      • preferredLayoutSize

        public Dimension preferredLayoutSize(Container parent)
        Determines the preferred size of the container argument using this grid layout.

        The preferred width of a grid layout is the largest preferred width of all of the components in the container times the number of columns, plus the horizontal padding times the number of columns minus one, plus the left and right insets of the target container.

        The preferred height of a grid layout is the largest preferred height of all of the components in the container times the number of rows, plus the vertical padding times the number of rows minus one, plus the top and bottom insets of the target container.

        Specified by:
        preferredLayoutSize in interface LayoutManager
        Parameters:
        parent - the container in which to do the layout
        Returns:
        the preferred dimensions to lay out the subcomponents of the specified container
        See Also:
        minimumLayoutSize(java.awt.Container), Container.getPreferredSize()
      • minimumLayoutSize

        public Dimension minimumLayoutSize(Container parent)
        Determines the minimum size of the container argument using this grid layout.

        The minimum width of a grid layout is the largest minimum width of all of the components in the container times the number of columns, plus the horizontal padding times the number of columns minus one, plus the left and right insets of the target container.

        The minimum height of a grid layout is the largest minimum height of all of the components in the container times the number of rows, plus the vertical padding times the number of rows minus one, plus the top and bottom insets of the target container.

        Specified by:
        minimumLayoutSize in interface LayoutManager
        Parameters:
        parent - the container in which to do the layout
        Returns:
        the minimum dimensions needed to lay out the subcomponents of the specified container
        See Also:
        preferredLayoutSize(java.awt.Container), Container.doLayout()
      • layoutContainer

        public void layoutContainer(Container parent)
        Lays out the specified container using this layout.

        This method reshapes the components in the specified target container in order to satisfy the constraints of the GridLayout object.

        The grid layout manager determines the size of individual components by dividing the free space in the container into equal-sized portions according to the number of rows and columns in the layout. The container's free space equals the container's size minus any insets and any specified horizontal or vertical gap. All components in a grid layout are given the same size.

        Specified by:
        layoutContainer in interface LayoutManager
        Parameters:
        parent - the container in which to do the layout
        See Also:
        Container, Container.doLayout()
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns the string representation of this grid layout's values.
        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of this grid layout


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