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Java Standard Edition (SE)

StackTraceElement


compact1, compact2, compact3
java.lang

Class StackTraceElement

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable


    public final class StackTraceElement
    extends Object
    implements Serializable
    An element in a stack trace, as returned by Throwable.getStackTrace(). Each element represents a single stack frame. All stack frames except for the one at the top of the stack represent a method invocation. The frame at the top of the stack represents the execution point at which the stack trace was generated. Typically, this is the point at which the throwable corresponding to the stack trace was created.
    Since:
    1.4
    See Also:
    Serialized Form
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor and Description
      StackTraceElement(String declaringClass, String methodName, String fileName, int lineNumber)
      Creates a stack trace element representing the specified execution point.
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Instance Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      boolean equals(Object obj)
      Returns true if the specified object is another StackTraceElement instance representing the same execution point as this instance.
      String getClassName()
      Returns the fully qualified name of the class containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
      String getFileName()
      Returns the name of the source file containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
      int getLineNumber()
      Returns the line number of the source line containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
      String getMethodName()
      Returns the name of the method containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
      int hashCode()
      Returns a hash code value for this stack trace element.
      boolean isNativeMethod()
      Returns true if the method containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element is a native method.
      String toString()
      Returns a string representation of this stack trace element.
    • Constructor Detail

      • StackTraceElement

        public StackTraceElement(String declaringClass,
                                 String methodName,
                                 String fileName,
                                 int lineNumber)
        Creates a stack trace element representing the specified execution point.
        Parameters:
        declaringClass - the fully qualified name of the class containing the execution point represented by the stack trace element
        methodName - the name of the method containing the execution point represented by the stack trace element
        fileName - the name of the file containing the execution point represented by the stack trace element, or null if this information is unavailable
        lineNumber - the line number of the source line containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element, or a negative number if this information is unavailable. A value of -2 indicates that the method containing the execution point is a native method
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if declaringClass or methodName is null
        Since:
        1.5
    • Method Detail

      • getFileName

        public String getFileName()
        Returns the name of the source file containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element. Generally, this corresponds to the SourceFile attribute of the relevant class file (as per The Java Virtual Machine Specification, Section 4.7.7). In some systems, the name may refer to some source code unit other than a file, such as an entry in source repository.
        Returns:
        the name of the file containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element, or null if this information is unavailable.
      • getLineNumber

        public int getLineNumber()
        Returns the line number of the source line containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element. Generally, this is derived from the LineNumberTable attribute of the relevant class file (as per The Java Virtual Machine Specification, Section 4.7.8).
        Returns:
        the line number of the source line containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element, or a negative number if this information is unavailable.
      • getClassName

        public String getClassName()
        Returns the fully qualified name of the class containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
        Returns:
        the fully qualified name of the Class containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
      • getMethodName

        public String getMethodName()
        Returns the name of the method containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element. If the execution point is contained in an instance or class initializer, this method will return the appropriate special method name, <init> or <clinit>, as per Section 3.9 of The Java Virtual Machine Specification.
        Returns:
        the name of the method containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element.
      • isNativeMethod

        public boolean isNativeMethod()
        Returns true if the method containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element is a native method.
        Returns:
        true if the method containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element is a native method.
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns a string representation of this stack trace element. The format of this string depends on the implementation, but the following examples may be regarded as typical:
        • "MyClass.mash(MyClass.java:9)" - Here, "MyClass" is the fully-qualified name of the class containing the execution point represented by this stack trace element, "mash" is the name of the method containing the execution point, "MyClass.java" is the source file containing the execution point, and "9" is the line number of the source line containing the execution point.
        • "MyClass.mash(MyClass.java)" - As above, but the line number is unavailable.
        • "MyClass.mash(Unknown Source)" - As above, but neither the file name nor the line number are available.
        • "MyClass.mash(Native Method)" - As above, but neither the file name nor the line number are available, and the method containing the execution point is known to be a native method.
        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of the object.
        See Also:
        Throwable.printStackTrace()
      • equals

        public boolean equals(Object obj)
        Returns true if the specified object is another StackTraceElement instance representing the same execution point as this instance. Two stack trace elements a and b are equal if and only if:
        
             equals(a.getFileName(), b.getFileName()) &&
             a.getLineNumber() == b.getLineNumber()) &&
             equals(a.getClassName(), b.getClassName()) &&
             equals(a.getMethodName(), b.getMethodName())
         
        where equals has the semantics of Objects.equals.
        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        obj - the object to be compared with this stack trace element.
        Returns:
        true if the specified object is another StackTraceElement instance representing the same execution point as this instance.
        See Also:
        Object.hashCode(), HashMap


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