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Java Standard Edition (SE)

GatheringByteChannel


compact1, compact2, compact3
java.nio.channels

Interface GatheringByteChannel

  • All Superinterfaces:
    AutoCloseable, Channel, Closeable, WritableByteChannel
    All Known Implementing Classes:
    DatagramChannel, FileChannel, Pipe.SinkChannel, SocketChannel


    public interface GatheringByteChannel
    extends WritableByteChannel
    A channel that can write bytes from a sequence of buffers.

    A gathering write operation writes, in a single invocation, a sequence of bytes from one or more of a given sequence of buffers. Gathering writes are often useful when implementing network protocols or file formats that, for example, group data into segments consisting of one or more fixed-length headers followed by a variable-length body. Similar scattering read operations are defined in the ScatteringByteChannel interface.

    Since:
    1.4
    • Method Detail

      • write

        long write(ByteBuffer[] srcs,
                   int offset,
                   int length)
            throws IOException
        Writes a sequence of bytes to this channel from a subsequence of the given buffers.

        An attempt is made to write up to r bytes to this channel, where r is the total number of bytes remaining in the specified subsequence of the given buffer array, that is,

         srcs[offset].remaining()
             + srcs[offset+1].remaining()
             + ... + srcs[offset+length-1].remaining()
        at the moment that this method is invoked.

        Suppose that a byte sequence of length n is written, where 0 <= n <= r. Up to the first srcs[offset].remaining() bytes of this sequence are written from buffer srcs[offset], up to the next srcs[offset+1].remaining() bytes are written from buffer srcs[offset+1], and so forth, until the entire byte sequence is written. As many bytes as possible are written from each buffer, hence the final position of each updated buffer, except the last updated buffer, is guaranteed to be equal to that buffer's limit.

        Unless otherwise specified, a write operation will return only after writing all of the r requested bytes. Some types of channels, depending upon their state, may write only some of the bytes or possibly none at all. A socket channel in non-blocking mode, for example, cannot write any more bytes than are free in the socket's output buffer.

        This method may be invoked at any time. If another thread has already initiated a write operation upon this channel, however, then an invocation of this method will block until the first operation is complete.

        Parameters:
        srcs - The buffers from which bytes are to be retrieved
        offset - The offset within the buffer array of the first buffer from which bytes are to be retrieved; must be non-negative and no larger than srcs.length
        length - The maximum number of buffers to be accessed; must be non-negative and no larger than srcs.length - offset
        Returns:
        The number of bytes written, possibly zero
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - If the preconditions on the offset and length parameters do not hold
        NonWritableChannelException - If this channel was not opened for writing
        ClosedChannelException - If this channel is closed
        AsynchronousCloseException - If another thread closes this channel while the write operation is in progress
        ClosedByInterruptException - If another thread interrupts the current thread while the write operation is in progress, thereby closing the channel and setting the current thread's interrupt status
        IOException - If some other I/O error occurs
      • write

        long write(ByteBuffer[] srcs)
            throws IOException
        Writes a sequence of bytes to this channel from the given buffers.

        An invocation of this method of the form c.write(srcs) behaves in exactly the same manner as the invocation

         c.write(srcs, 0, srcs.length);
        Parameters:
        srcs - The buffers from which bytes are to be retrieved
        Returns:
        The number of bytes written, possibly zero
        Throws:
        NonWritableChannelException - If this channel was not opened for writing
        ClosedChannelException - If this channel is closed
        AsynchronousCloseException - If another thread closes this channel while the write operation is in progress
        ClosedByInterruptException - If another thread interrupts the current thread while the write operation is in progress, thereby closing the channel and setting the current thread's interrupt status
        IOException - If some other I/O error occurs


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