public interface Activator extends Remote
Activatorfacilitates remote object activation. A "faulting" remote reference calls the activator's
activatemethod to obtain a "live" reference to a "activatable" remote object. Upon receiving a request for activation, the activator looks up the activation descriptor for the activation identifier,
id, determines the group in which the object should be activated initiates object re-creation via the group's
ActivationInstantiator(via a call to the
newInstancemethod). The activator initiates the execution of activation groups as necessary. For example, if an activation group for a specific group identifier is not already executing, the activator initiates the execution of a VM for the group.
Activator works closely with
ActivationSystem, which provides a means for registering
groups and objects within those groups, and
which recives information about active and inactive objects and inactive
The activator is responsible for monitoring and detecting when activation groups fail so that it can remove stale remote references to groups and active object's within those groups.
MarshalledObject<? extends Remote> activate(ActivationID id, boolean force) throws ActivationException, UnknownObjectException, RemoteException
id. If the activator knows the object to be active already, and
forceis false , the stub with a "live" reference is returned immediately to the caller; otherwise, if the activator does not know that corresponding the remote object is active, the activator uses the activation descriptor information (previously registered) to determine the group (VM) in which the object should be activated. If an
ActivationInstantiatorcorresponding to the object's group descriptor already exists, the activator invokes the activation group's
newInstancemethod passing it the object's id and descriptor.
If the activation group for the object's group descriptor does
not yet exist, the activator starts an
ActivationInstantiator executing (by spawning a
child process, for example). When the activator receives the
activation group's call back (via the
method) specifying the activation group's reference, the
activator can then invoke that activation instantiator's
newInstance method to forward each pending
activation request to the activation group and return the
result (a marshalled remote object reference, a stub) to the
Note that the activator receives a "marshalled" object instead of a Remote object so that the activator does not need to load the code for that object, or participate in distributed garbage collection for that object. If the activator kept a strong reference to the remote object, the activator would then prevent the object from being garbage collected under the normal distributed garbage collection mechanism.
id- the activation identifier for the object being activated
force- if true, the activator contacts the group to obtain the remote object's reference; if false, returning the cached value is allowed.
ActivationException- if object activation fails
UnknownObjectException- if object is unknown (not registered)
RemoteException- if remote call fails