IT. Expert System.

Java Standard Edition (SE)

BitSet


compact1, compact2, compact3
java.util

Class BitSet

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, Cloneable


    public class BitSet
    extends Object
    implements Cloneable, Serializable
    This class implements a vector of bits that grows as needed. Each component of the bit set has a boolean value. The bits of a BitSet are indexed by nonnegative integers. Individual indexed bits can be examined, set, or cleared. One BitSet may be used to modify the contents of another BitSet through logical AND, logical inclusive OR, and logical exclusive OR operations.

    By default, all bits in the set initially have the value false.

    Every bit set has a current size, which is the number of bits of space currently in use by the bit set. Note that the size is related to the implementation of a bit set, so it may change with implementation. The length of a bit set relates to logical length of a bit set and is defined independently of implementation.

    Unless otherwise noted, passing a null parameter to any of the methods in a BitSet will result in a NullPointerException.

    A BitSet is not safe for multithreaded use without external synchronization.

    Since:
    JDK1.0
    See Also:
    Serialized Form
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors 
      Constructor and Description
      BitSet()
      Creates a new bit set.
      BitSet(int nbits)
      Creates a bit set whose initial size is large enough to explicitly represent bits with indices in the range 0 through nbits-1.
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Static Methods Instance Methods Concrete Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      void and(BitSet set)
      Performs a logical AND of this target bit set with the argument bit set.
      void andNot(BitSet set)
      Clears all of the bits in this BitSet whose corresponding bit is set in the specified BitSet.
      int cardinality()
      Returns the number of bits set to true in this BitSet.
      void clear()
      Sets all of the bits in this BitSet to false.
      void clear(int bitIndex)
      Sets the bit specified by the index to false.
      void clear(int fromIndex, int toIndex)
      Sets the bits from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to false.
      Object clone()
      Cloning this BitSet produces a new BitSet that is equal to it.
      boolean equals(Object obj)
      Compares this object against the specified object.
      void flip(int bitIndex)
      Sets the bit at the specified index to the complement of its current value.
      void flip(int fromIndex, int toIndex)
      Sets each bit from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to the complement of its current value.
      boolean get(int bitIndex)
      Returns the value of the bit with the specified index.
      BitSet get(int fromIndex, int toIndex)
      Returns a new BitSet composed of bits from this BitSet from fromIndex (inclusive) to toIndex (exclusive).
      int hashCode()
      Returns the hash code value for this bit set.
      boolean intersects(BitSet set)
      Returns true if the specified BitSet has any bits set to true that are also set to true in this BitSet.
      boolean isEmpty()
      Returns true if this BitSet contains no bits that are set to true.
      int length()
      Returns the "logical size" of this BitSet: the index of the highest set bit in the BitSet plus one.
      int nextClearBit(int fromIndex)
      Returns the index of the first bit that is set to false that occurs on or after the specified starting index.
      int nextSetBit(int fromIndex)
      Returns the index of the first bit that is set to true that occurs on or after the specified starting index.
      void or(BitSet set)
      Performs a logical OR of this bit set with the bit set argument.
      int previousClearBit(int fromIndex)
      Returns the index of the nearest bit that is set to false that occurs on or before the specified starting index.
      int previousSetBit(int fromIndex)
      Returns the index of the nearest bit that is set to true that occurs on or before the specified starting index.
      void set(int bitIndex)
      Sets the bit at the specified index to true.
      void set(int bitIndex, boolean value)
      Sets the bit at the specified index to the specified value.
      void set(int fromIndex, int toIndex)
      Sets the bits from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to true.
      void set(int fromIndex, int toIndex, boolean value)
      Sets the bits from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to the specified value.
      int size()
      Returns the number of bits of space actually in use by this BitSet to represent bit values.
      IntStream stream()
      Returns a stream of indices for which this BitSet contains a bit in the set state.
      byte[] toByteArray()
      Returns a new byte array containing all the bits in this bit set.
      long[] toLongArray()
      Returns a new long array containing all the bits in this bit set.
      String toString()
      Returns a string representation of this bit set.
      static BitSet valueOf(byte[] bytes)
      Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given byte array.
      static BitSet valueOf(ByteBuffer bb)
      Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given byte buffer between its position and limit.
      static BitSet valueOf(long[] longs)
      Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given long array.
      static BitSet valueOf(LongBuffer lb)
      Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given long buffer between its position and limit.
      void xor(BitSet set)
      Performs a logical XOR of this bit set with the bit set argument.
    • Constructor Detail

      • BitSet

        public BitSet()
        Creates a new bit set. All bits are initially false.
      • BitSet

        public BitSet(int nbits)
        Creates a bit set whose initial size is large enough to explicitly represent bits with indices in the range 0 through nbits-1. All bits are initially false.
        Parameters:
        nbits - the initial size of the bit set
        Throws:
        NegativeArraySizeException - if the specified initial size is negative
    • Method Detail

      • valueOf

        public static BitSet valueOf(long[] longs)
        Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given long array.

        More precisely,
        BitSet.valueOf(longs).get(n) == ((longs[n/64] & (1L<<(n%64))) != 0)
        for all n < 64 * longs.length.

        This method is equivalent to BitSet.valueOf(LongBuffer.wrap(longs)).

        Parameters:
        longs - a long array containing a little-endian representation of a sequence of bits to be used as the initial bits of the new bit set
        Returns:
        a BitSet containing all the bits in the long array
        Since:
        1.7
      • valueOf

        public static BitSet valueOf(LongBuffer lb)
        Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given long buffer between its position and limit.

        More precisely,
        BitSet.valueOf(lb).get(n) == ((lb.get(lb.position()+n/64) & (1L<<(n%64))) != 0)
        for all n < 64 * lb.remaining().

        The long buffer is not modified by this method, and no reference to the buffer is retained by the bit set.

        Parameters:
        lb - a long buffer containing a little-endian representation of a sequence of bits between its position and limit, to be used as the initial bits of the new bit set
        Returns:
        a BitSet containing all the bits in the buffer in the specified range
        Since:
        1.7
      • valueOf

        public static BitSet valueOf(byte[] bytes)
        Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given byte array.

        More precisely,
        BitSet.valueOf(bytes).get(n) == ((bytes[n/8] & (1<<(n%8))) != 0)
        for all n < 8 * bytes.length.

        This method is equivalent to BitSet.valueOf(ByteBuffer.wrap(bytes)).

        Parameters:
        bytes - a byte array containing a little-endian representation of a sequence of bits to be used as the initial bits of the new bit set
        Returns:
        a BitSet containing all the bits in the byte array
        Since:
        1.7
      • valueOf

        public static BitSet valueOf(ByteBuffer bb)
        Returns a new bit set containing all the bits in the given byte buffer between its position and limit.

        More precisely,
        BitSet.valueOf(bb).get(n) == ((bb.get(bb.position()+n/8) & (1<<(n%8))) != 0)
        for all n < 8 * bb.remaining().

        The byte buffer is not modified by this method, and no reference to the buffer is retained by the bit set.

        Parameters:
        bb - a byte buffer containing a little-endian representation of a sequence of bits between its position and limit, to be used as the initial bits of the new bit set
        Returns:
        a BitSet containing all the bits in the buffer in the specified range
        Since:
        1.7
      • toByteArray

        public byte[] toByteArray()
        Returns a new byte array containing all the bits in this bit set.

        More precisely, if
        byte[] bytes = s.toByteArray();
        then bytes.length == (s.length()+7)/8 and
        s.get(n) == ((bytes[n/8] & (1<<(n%8))) != 0)
        for all n < 8 * bytes.length.

        Returns:
        a byte array containing a little-endian representation of all the bits in this bit set
        Since:
        1.7
      • toLongArray

        public long[] toLongArray()
        Returns a new long array containing all the bits in this bit set.

        More precisely, if
        long[] longs = s.toLongArray();
        then longs.length == (s.length()+63)/64 and
        s.get(n) == ((longs[n/64] & (1L<<(n%64))) != 0)
        for all n < 64 * longs.length.

        Returns:
        a long array containing a little-endian representation of all the bits in this bit set
        Since:
        1.7
      • flip

        public void flip(int bitIndex)
        Sets the bit at the specified index to the complement of its current value.
        Parameters:
        bitIndex - the index of the bit to flip
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
        Since:
        1.4
      • flip

        public void flip(int fromIndex,
                         int toIndex)
        Sets each bit from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to the complement of its current value.
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - index of the first bit to flip
        toIndex - index after the last bit to flip
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if fromIndex is negative, or toIndex is negative, or fromIndex is larger than toIndex
        Since:
        1.4
      • set

        public void set(int bitIndex)
        Sets the bit at the specified index to true.
        Parameters:
        bitIndex - a bit index
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
        Since:
        JDK1.0
      • set

        public void set(int bitIndex,
                        boolean value)
        Sets the bit at the specified index to the specified value.
        Parameters:
        bitIndex - a bit index
        value - a boolean value to set
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
        Since:
        1.4
      • set

        public void set(int fromIndex,
                        int toIndex)
        Sets the bits from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to true.
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - index of the first bit to be set
        toIndex - index after the last bit to be set
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if fromIndex is negative, or toIndex is negative, or fromIndex is larger than toIndex
        Since:
        1.4
      • set

        public void set(int fromIndex,
                        int toIndex,
                        boolean value)
        Sets the bits from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to the specified value.
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - index of the first bit to be set
        toIndex - index after the last bit to be set
        value - value to set the selected bits to
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if fromIndex is negative, or toIndex is negative, or fromIndex is larger than toIndex
        Since:
        1.4
      • clear

        public void clear(int bitIndex)
        Sets the bit specified by the index to false.
        Parameters:
        bitIndex - the index of the bit to be cleared
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
        Since:
        JDK1.0
      • clear

        public void clear(int fromIndex,
                          int toIndex)
        Sets the bits from the specified fromIndex (inclusive) to the specified toIndex (exclusive) to false.
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - index of the first bit to be cleared
        toIndex - index after the last bit to be cleared
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if fromIndex is negative, or toIndex is negative, or fromIndex is larger than toIndex
        Since:
        1.4
      • clear

        public void clear()
        Sets all of the bits in this BitSet to false.
        Since:
        1.4
      • get

        public boolean get(int bitIndex)
        Returns the value of the bit with the specified index. The value is true if the bit with the index bitIndex is currently set in this BitSet; otherwise, the result is false.
        Parameters:
        bitIndex - the bit index
        Returns:
        the value of the bit with the specified index
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
      • get

        public BitSet get(int fromIndex,
                          int toIndex)
        Returns a new BitSet composed of bits from this BitSet from fromIndex (inclusive) to toIndex (exclusive).
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - index of the first bit to include
        toIndex - index after the last bit to include
        Returns:
        a new BitSet from a range of this BitSet
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if fromIndex is negative, or toIndex is negative, or fromIndex is larger than toIndex
        Since:
        1.4
      • nextSetBit

        public int nextSetBit(int fromIndex)
        Returns the index of the first bit that is set to true that occurs on or after the specified starting index. If no such bit exists then -1 is returned.

        To iterate over the true bits in a BitSet, use the following loop:

         
         for (int i = bs.nextSetBit(0); i >= 0; i = bs.nextSetBit(i+1)) {
             // operate on index i here
         }
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - the index to start checking from (inclusive)
        Returns:
        the index of the next set bit, or -1 if there is no such bit
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
        Since:
        1.4
      • nextClearBit

        public int nextClearBit(int fromIndex)
        Returns the index of the first bit that is set to false that occurs on or after the specified starting index.
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - the index to start checking from (inclusive)
        Returns:
        the index of the next clear bit
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is negative
        Since:
        1.4
      • previousSetBit

        public int previousSetBit(int fromIndex)
        Returns the index of the nearest bit that is set to true that occurs on or before the specified starting index. If no such bit exists, or if -1 is given as the starting index, then -1 is returned.

        To iterate over the true bits in a BitSet, use the following loop:

         
         for (int i = bs.length(); (i = bs.previousSetBit(i-1)) >= 0; ) {
             // operate on index i here
         }
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - the index to start checking from (inclusive)
        Returns:
        the index of the previous set bit, or -1 if there is no such bit
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is less than -1
        Since:
        1.7
      • previousClearBit

        public int previousClearBit(int fromIndex)
        Returns the index of the nearest bit that is set to false that occurs on or before the specified starting index. If no such bit exists, or if -1 is given as the starting index, then -1 is returned.
        Parameters:
        fromIndex - the index to start checking from (inclusive)
        Returns:
        the index of the previous clear bit, or -1 if there is no such bit
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the specified index is less than -1
        Since:
        1.7
      • length

        public int length()
        Returns the "logical size" of this BitSet: the index of the highest set bit in the BitSet plus one. Returns zero if the BitSet contains no set bits.
        Returns:
        the logical size of this BitSet
        Since:
        1.2
      • isEmpty

        public boolean isEmpty()
        Returns true if this BitSet contains no bits that are set to true.
        Returns:
        boolean indicating whether this BitSet is empty
        Since:
        1.4
      • intersects

        public boolean intersects(BitSet set)
        Returns true if the specified BitSet has any bits set to true that are also set to true in this BitSet.
        Parameters:
        set - BitSet to intersect with
        Returns:
        boolean indicating whether this BitSet intersects the specified BitSet
        Since:
        1.4
      • cardinality

        public int cardinality()
        Returns the number of bits set to true in this BitSet.
        Returns:
        the number of bits set to true in this BitSet
        Since:
        1.4
      • and

        public void and(BitSet set)
        Performs a logical AND of this target bit set with the argument bit set. This bit set is modified so that each bit in it has the value true if and only if it both initially had the value true and the corresponding bit in the bit set argument also had the value true.
        Parameters:
        set - a bit set
      • or

        public void or(BitSet set)
        Performs a logical OR of this bit set with the bit set argument. This bit set is modified so that a bit in it has the value true if and only if it either already had the value true or the corresponding bit in the bit set argument has the value true.
        Parameters:
        set - a bit set
      • xor

        public void xor(BitSet set)
        Performs a logical XOR of this bit set with the bit set argument. This bit set is modified so that a bit in it has the value true if and only if one of the following statements holds:
        • The bit initially has the value true, and the corresponding bit in the argument has the value false.
        • The bit initially has the value false, and the corresponding bit in the argument has the value true.
        Parameters:
        set - a bit set
      • andNot

        public void andNot(BitSet set)
        Clears all of the bits in this BitSet whose corresponding bit is set in the specified BitSet.
        Parameters:
        set - the BitSet with which to mask this BitSet
        Since:
        1.2
      • hashCode

        public int hashCode()
        Returns the hash code value for this bit set. The hash code depends only on which bits are set within this BitSet.

        The hash code is defined to be the result of the following calculation:

         
         public int hashCode() {
             long h = 1234;
             long[] words = toLongArray();
             for (int i = words.length; --i >= 0; )
                 h ^= words[i] * (i + 1);
             return (int)((h >> 32) ^ h);
         }
        Note that the hash code changes if the set of bits is altered.
        Overrides:
        hashCode in class Object
        Returns:
        the hash code value for this bit set
        See Also:
        Object.equals(java.lang.Object), System.identityHashCode(java.lang.Object)
      • size

        public int size()
        Returns the number of bits of space actually in use by this BitSet to represent bit values. The maximum element in the set is the size - 1st element.
        Returns:
        the number of bits currently in this bit set
      • equals

        public boolean equals(Object obj)
        Compares this object against the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a Bitset object that has exactly the same set of bits set to true as this bit set. That is, for every nonnegative int index k,
        ((BitSet)obj).get(k) == this.get(k)
        must be true. The current sizes of the two bit sets are not compared.
        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        obj - the object to compare with
        Returns:
        true if the objects are the same; false otherwise
        See Also:
        size()
      • clone

        public Object clone()
        Cloning this BitSet produces a new BitSet that is equal to it. The clone of the bit set is another bit set that has exactly the same bits set to true as this bit set.
        Overrides:
        clone in class Object
        Returns:
        a clone of this bit set
        See Also:
        size()
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns a string representation of this bit set. For every index for which this BitSet contains a bit in the set state, the decimal representation of that index is included in the result. Such indices are listed in order from lowest to highest, separated by ", " (a comma and a space) and surrounded by braces, resulting in the usual mathematical notation for a set of integers.

        Example:

         BitSet drPepper = new BitSet();
        Now drPepper.toString() returns "{}".
         drPepper.set(2);
        Now drPepper.toString() returns "{2}".
         drPepper.set(4);
         drPepper.set(10);
        Now drPepper.toString() returns "{2, 4, 10}".
        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        a string representation of this bit set
      • stream

        public IntStream stream()
        Returns a stream of indices for which this BitSet contains a bit in the set state. The indices are returned in order, from lowest to highest. The size of the stream is the number of bits in the set state, equal to the value returned by the cardinality() method.

        The bit set must remain constant during the execution of the terminal stream operation. Otherwise, the result of the terminal stream operation is undefined.

        Returns:
        a stream of integers representing set indices
        Since:
        1.8


Content

Android Reference

Java basics

Java Enterprise Edition (EE)

Java Standard Edition (SE)

SQL

HTML

PHP

CSS

Java Script

MYSQL

JQUERY

VBS

REGEX

C

C++

C#

Design patterns

RFC (standard status)

RFC (proposed standard status)

RFC (draft standard status)

RFC (informational status)

RFC (experimental status)

RFC (best current practice status)

RFC (historic status)

RFC (unknown status)

IT dictionary

License.
All information of this service is derived from the free sources and is provided solely in the form of quotations. This service provides information and interfaces solely for the familiarization (not ownership) and under the "as is" condition.
Copyright 2016 © ELTASK.COM. All rights reserved.
Site is optimized for mobile devices.
Downloads: 170 / 158692523. Delta: 0.05454 с