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Java Standard Edition (SE)

ListIterator


compact1, compact2, compact3
java.util

Interface ListIterator<E>

  • All Superinterfaces:
    Iterator<E>


    public interface ListIterator<E>
    extends Iterator<E>
    An iterator for lists that allows the programmer to traverse the list in either direction, modify the list during iteration, and obtain the iterator's current position in the list. A ListIterator has no current element; its cursor position always lies between the element that would be returned by a call to previous() and the element that would be returned by a call to next(). An iterator for a list of length n has n+1 possible cursor positions, as illustrated by the carets (^) below:
                          Element(0)   Element(1)   Element(2)   ... Element(n-1)
     cursor positions:  ^            ^            ^            ^                  ^
     
    Note that the remove() and set(Object) methods are not defined in terms of the cursor position; they are defined to operate on the last element returned by a call to next() or previous().

    This interface is a member of the Java Collections Framework.

    Since:
    1.2
    See Also:
    Collection, List, Iterator, Enumeration, List.listIterator()
    • Method Summary

      All Methods Instance Methods Abstract Methods 
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      void add(E e)
      Inserts the specified element into the list (optional operation).
      boolean hasNext()
      Returns true if this list iterator has more elements when traversing the list in the forward direction.
      boolean hasPrevious()
      Returns true if this list iterator has more elements when traversing the list in the reverse direction.
      E next()
      Returns the next element in the list and advances the cursor position.
      int nextIndex()
      Returns the index of the element that would be returned by a subsequent call to next().
      E previous()
      Returns the previous element in the list and moves the cursor position backwards.
      int previousIndex()
      Returns the index of the element that would be returned by a subsequent call to previous().
      void remove()
      Removes from the list the last element that was returned by next() or previous() (optional operation).
      void set(E e)
      Replaces the last element returned by next() or previous() with the specified element (optional operation).
    • Method Detail

      • hasNext

        boolean hasNext()
        Returns true if this list iterator has more elements when traversing the list in the forward direction. (In other words, returns true if next() would return an element rather than throwing an exception.)
        Specified by:
        hasNext in interface Iterator<E>
        Returns:
        true if the list iterator has more elements when traversing the list in the forward direction
      • next

        E next()
        Returns the next element in the list and advances the cursor position. This method may be called repeatedly to iterate through the list, or intermixed with calls to previous() to go back and forth. (Note that alternating calls to next and previous will return the same element repeatedly.)
        Specified by:
        next in interface Iterator<E>
        Returns:
        the next element in the list
        Throws:
        NoSuchElementException - if the iteration has no next element
      • hasPrevious

        boolean hasPrevious()
        Returns true if this list iterator has more elements when traversing the list in the reverse direction. (In other words, returns true if previous() would return an element rather than throwing an exception.)
        Returns:
        true if the list iterator has more elements when traversing the list in the reverse direction
      • previous

        E previous()
        Returns the previous element in the list and moves the cursor position backwards. This method may be called repeatedly to iterate through the list backwards, or intermixed with calls to next() to go back and forth. (Note that alternating calls to next and previous will return the same element repeatedly.)
        Returns:
        the previous element in the list
        Throws:
        NoSuchElementException - if the iteration has no previous element
      • nextIndex

        int nextIndex()
        Returns the index of the element that would be returned by a subsequent call to next(). (Returns list size if the list iterator is at the end of the list.)
        Returns:
        the index of the element that would be returned by a subsequent call to next, or list size if the list iterator is at the end of the list
      • previousIndex

        int previousIndex()
        Returns the index of the element that would be returned by a subsequent call to previous(). (Returns -1 if the list iterator is at the beginning of the list.)
        Returns:
        the index of the element that would be returned by a subsequent call to previous, or -1 if the list iterator is at the beginning of the list
      • remove

        void remove()
        Removes from the list the last element that was returned by next() or previous() (optional operation). This call can only be made once per call to next or previous. It can be made only if add(E) has not been called after the last call to next or previous.
        Specified by:
        remove in interface Iterator<E>
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - if the remove operation is not supported by this list iterator
        IllegalStateException - if neither next nor previous have been called, or remove or add have been called after the last call to next or previous
      • set

        void set(E e)
        Replaces the last element returned by next() or previous() with the specified element (optional operation). This call can be made only if neither remove() nor add(E) have been called after the last call to next or previous.
        Parameters:
        e - the element with which to replace the last element returned by next or previous
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - if the set operation is not supported by this list iterator
        ClassCastException - if the class of the specified element prevents it from being added to this list
        IllegalArgumentException - if some aspect of the specified element prevents it from being added to this list
        IllegalStateException - if neither next nor previous have been called, or remove or add have been called after the last call to next or previous
      • add

        void add(E e)
        Inserts the specified element into the list (optional operation). The element is inserted immediately before the element that would be returned by next(), if any, and after the element that would be returned by previous(), if any. (If the list contains no elements, the new element becomes the sole element on the list.) The new element is inserted before the implicit cursor: a subsequent call to next would be unaffected, and a subsequent call to previous would return the new element. (This call increases by one the value that would be returned by a call to nextIndex or previousIndex.)
        Parameters:
        e - the element to insert
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - if the add method is not supported by this list iterator
        ClassCastException - if the class of the specified element prevents it from being added to this list
        IllegalArgumentException - if some aspect of this element prevents it from being added to this list


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