IT. Expert System.

Java Standard Edition (SE)

Locale.LanguageRange


compact1, compact2, compact3
java.util

Class Locale.LanguageRange

    • Field Detail

      • MAX_WEIGHT

        public static final double MAX_WEIGHT
        A constant holding the maximum value of weight, 1.0, which indicates that the language range is a good fit for the user.
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • MIN_WEIGHT

        public static final double MIN_WEIGHT
        A constant holding the minimum value of weight, 0.0, which indicates that the language range is not a good fit for the user.
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
    • Constructor Detail

      • LanguageRange

        public LanguageRange(String range)
        Constructs a LanguageRange using the given range. Note that no validation is done against the IANA Language Subtag Registry at time of construction.

        This is equivalent to LanguageRange(range, MAX_WEIGHT).

        Parameters:
        range - a language range
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if the given range is null
      • LanguageRange

        public LanguageRange(String range,
                             double weight)
        Constructs a LanguageRange using the given range and weight. Note that no validation is done against the IANA Language Subtag Registry at time of construction.
        Parameters:
        range - a language range
        weight - a weight value between MIN_WEIGHT and MAX_WEIGHT
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if the given range is null
        IllegalArgumentException - if the given weight is less than MIN_WEIGHT or greater than MAX_WEIGHT
    • Method Detail

      • getRange

        public String getRange()
        Returns the language range of this LanguageRange.
        Returns:
        the language range.
      • getWeight

        public double getWeight()
        Returns the weight of this LanguageRange.
        Returns:
        the weight value.
      • parse

        public static List<Locale.LanguageRange> parse(String ranges)
        Parses the given ranges to generate a Language Priority List.

        This method performs a syntactic check for each language range in the given ranges but doesn't do validation using the IANA Language Subtag Registry.

        The ranges to be given can take one of the following forms:

           "Accept-Language: ja,en;q=0.4"  (weighted list with Accept-Language prefix)
           "ja,en;q=0.4"                   (weighted list)
           "ja,en"                         (prioritized list)
         
        In a weighted list, each language range is given a weight value. The weight value is identical to the "quality value" in RFC 2616, and it expresses how much the user prefers the language. A weight value is specified after a corresponding language range followed by ";q=", and the default weight value is MAX_WEIGHT when it is omitted.

        Unlike a weighted list, language ranges in a prioritized list are sorted in the descending order based on its priority. The first language range has the highest priority and meets the user's preference most.

        In either case, language ranges are sorted in descending order in the Language Priority List based on priority or weight. If a language range appears in the given ranges more than once, only the first one is included on the Language Priority List.

        The returned list consists of language ranges from the given ranges and their equivalents found in the IANA Language Subtag Registry. For example, if the given ranges is "Accept-Language: iw,en-us;q=0.7,en;q=0.3", the elements in the list to be returned are:

          Range                                   Weight
            "iw" (older tag for Hebrew)             1.0
            "he" (new preferred code for Hebrew)    1.0
            "en-us" (English, United States)        0.7
            "en" (English)                          0.3
         
        Two language ranges, "iw" and "he", have the same highest priority in the list. By adding "he" to the user's Language Priority List, locale-matching method can find Hebrew as a matching locale (or language tag) even if the application or system offers only "he" as a supported locale (or language tag).
        Parameters:
        ranges - a list of comma-separated language ranges or a list of language ranges in the form of the "Accept-Language" header defined in RFC 2616
        Returns:
        a Language Priority List consisting of language ranges included in the given ranges and their equivalent language ranges if available. The list is modifiable.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if ranges is null
        IllegalArgumentException - if a language range or a weight found in the given ranges is ill-formed
      • mapEquivalents

        public static List<Locale.LanguageRange> mapEquivalents(List<Locale.LanguageRange> priorityList,
                                                                Map<String,List<String>> map)
        Generates a new customized Language Priority List using the given priorityList and map. If the given map is empty, this method returns a copy of the given priorityList.

        In the map, a key represents a language range whereas a value is a list of equivalents of it. '*' cannot be used in the map. Each equivalent language range has the same weight value as its original language range.

          An example of map:
            Key                            Value
              "zh" (Chinese)                 "zh",
                                             "zh-Hans"(Simplified Chinese)
              "zh-HK" (Chinese, Hong Kong)   "zh-HK"
              "zh-TW" (Chinese, Taiwan)      "zh-TW"
         
        The customization is performed after modification using the IANA Language Subtag Registry.

        For example, if a user's Language Priority List consists of five language ranges ("zh", "zh-CN", "en", "zh-TW", and "zh-HK"), the newly generated Language Priority List which is customized using the above map example will consists of "zh", "zh-Hans", "zh-CN", "zh-Hans-CN", "en", "zh-TW", and "zh-HK".

        "zh-HK" and "zh-TW" aren't converted to "zh-Hans-HK" nor "zh-Hans-TW" even if they are included in the Language Priority List. In this example, mapping is used to clearly distinguish Simplified Chinese and Traditional Chinese.

        If the "zh"-to-"zh" mapping isn't included in the map, a simple replacement will be performed and the customized list won't include "zh" and "zh-CN".

        Parameters:
        priorityList - user's Language Priority List
        map - a map containing information to customize language ranges
        Returns:
        a new Language Priority List with customization. The list is modifiable.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if priorityList is null
        See Also:
        parse(String, Map)
      • equals

        public boolean equals(Object obj)
        Compares this object to the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null and is a LanguageRange object that contains the same range and weight values as this object.
        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        obj - the object to compare with
        Returns:
        true if this object's range and weight are the same as the obj's; false otherwise.
        See Also:
        Object.hashCode(), HashMap


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