IT. Expert System.

Java Standard Edition (SE)

UUID


compact1, compact2, compact3
java.util

Class UUID

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, Comparable<UUID>


    public final class UUID
    extends Object
    implements Serializable, Comparable<UUID>
    A class that represents an immutable universally unique identifier (UUID). A UUID represents a 128-bit value.

    There exist different variants of these global identifiers. The methods of this class are for manipulating the Leach-Salz variant, although the constructors allow the creation of any variant of UUID (described below).

    The layout of a variant 2 (Leach-Salz) UUID is as follows: The most significant long consists of the following unsigned fields:

     0xFFFFFFFF00000000 time_low
     0x00000000FFFF0000 time_mid
     0x000000000000F000 version
     0x0000000000000FFF time_hi
     
    The least significant long consists of the following unsigned fields:
     0xC000000000000000 variant
     0x3FFF000000000000 clock_seq
     0x0000FFFFFFFFFFFF node
     

    The variant field contains a value which identifies the layout of the UUID. The bit layout described above is valid only for a UUID with a variant value of 2, which indicates the Leach-Salz variant.

    The version field holds a value that describes the type of this UUID. There are four different basic types of UUIDs: time-based, DCE security, name-based, and randomly generated UUIDs. These types have a version value of 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively.

    For more information including algorithms used to create UUIDs, see RFC 4122: A Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID) URN Namespace, section 4.2 "Algorithms for Creating a Time-Based UUID".

    Since:
    1.5
    See Also:
    Serialized Form
    • Constructor Detail

      • UUID

        public UUID(long mostSigBits,
                    long leastSigBits)
        Constructs a new UUID using the specified data. mostSigBits is used for the most significant 64 bits of the UUID and leastSigBits becomes the least significant 64 bits of the UUID.
        Parameters:
        mostSigBits - The most significant bits of the UUID
        leastSigBits - The least significant bits of the UUID
    • Method Detail

      • randomUUID

        public static UUID randomUUID()
        Static factory to retrieve a type 4 (pseudo randomly generated) UUID. The UUID is generated using a cryptographically strong pseudo random number generator.
        Returns:
        A randomly generated UUID
      • nameUUIDFromBytes

        public static UUID nameUUIDFromBytes(byte[] name)
        Static factory to retrieve a type 3 (name based) UUID based on the specified byte array.
        Parameters:
        name - A byte array to be used to construct a UUID
        Returns:
        A UUID generated from the specified array
      • fromString

        public static UUID fromString(String name)
        Creates a UUID from the string standard representation as described in the toString() method.
        Parameters:
        name - A string that specifies a UUID
        Returns:
        A UUID with the specified value
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - If name does not conform to the string representation as described in toString()
      • getLeastSignificantBits

        public long getLeastSignificantBits()
        Returns the least significant 64 bits of this UUID's 128 bit value.
        Returns:
        The least significant 64 bits of this UUID's 128 bit value
      • getMostSignificantBits

        public long getMostSignificantBits()
        Returns the most significant 64 bits of this UUID's 128 bit value.
        Returns:
        The most significant 64 bits of this UUID's 128 bit value
      • version

        public int version()
        The version number associated with this UUID. The version number describes how this UUID was generated. The version number has the following meaning:
        • 1 Time-based UUID
        • 2 DCE security UUID
        • 3 Name-based UUID
        • 4 Randomly generated UUID
        Returns:
        The version number of this UUID
      • variant

        public int variant()
        The variant number associated with this UUID. The variant number describes the layout of the UUID. The variant number has the following meaning:
        • 0 Reserved for NCS backward compatibility
        • 2 IETF RFC 4122 (Leach-Salz), used by this class
        • 6 Reserved, Microsoft Corporation backward compatibility
        • 7 Reserved for future definition
        Returns:
        The variant number of this UUID
      • timestamp

        public long timestamp()
        The timestamp value associated with this UUID.

        The 60 bit timestamp value is constructed from the time_low, time_mid, and time_hi fields of this UUID. The resulting timestamp is measured in 100-nanosecond units since midnight, October 15, 1582 UTC.

        The timestamp value is only meaningful in a time-based UUID, which has version type 1. If this UUID is not a time-based UUID then this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

        Returns:
        The timestamp of this UUID.
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - If this UUID is not a version 1 UUID
      • clockSequence

        public int clockSequence()
        The clock sequence value associated with this UUID.

        The 14 bit clock sequence value is constructed from the clock sequence field of this UUID. The clock sequence field is used to guarantee temporal uniqueness in a time-based UUID.

        The clockSequence value is only meaningful in a time-based UUID, which has version type 1. If this UUID is not a time-based UUID then this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

        Returns:
        The clock sequence of this UUID
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - If this UUID is not a version 1 UUID
      • node

        public long node()
        The node value associated with this UUID.

        The 48 bit node value is constructed from the node field of this UUID. This field is intended to hold the IEEE 802 address of the machine that generated this UUID to guarantee spatial uniqueness.

        The node value is only meaningful in a time-based UUID, which has version type 1. If this UUID is not a time-based UUID then this method throws UnsupportedOperationException.

        Returns:
        The node value of this UUID
        Throws:
        UnsupportedOperationException - If this UUID is not a version 1 UUID
      • toString

        public String toString()
        Returns a String object representing this UUID.

        The UUID string representation is as described by this BNF:

         
         UUID                   = <time_low> "-" <time_mid> "-"
                                  <time_high_and_version> "-"
                                  <variant_and_sequence> "-"
                                  <node>
         time_low               = 4*<hexOctet>
         time_mid               = 2*<hexOctet>
         time_high_and_version  = 2*<hexOctet>
         variant_and_sequence   = 2*<hexOctet>
         node                   = 6*<hexOctet>
         hexOctet               = <hexDigit><hexDigit>
         hexDigit               =
               "0" | "1" | "2" | "3" | "4" | "5" | "6" | "7" | "8" | "9"
               | "a" | "b" | "c" | "d" | "e" | "f"
               | "A" | "B" | "C" | "D" | "E" | "F"
         
        Overrides:
        toString in class Object
        Returns:
        A string representation of this UUID
      • equals

        public boolean equals(Object obj)
        Compares this object to the specified object. The result is true if and only if the argument is not null, is a UUID object, has the same variant, and contains the same value, bit for bit, as this UUID.
        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        obj - The object to be compared
        Returns:
        true if the objects are the same; false otherwise
        See Also:
        Object.hashCode(), HashMap
      • compareTo

        public int compareTo(UUID val)
        Compares this UUID with the specified UUID.

        The first of two UUIDs is greater than the second if the most significant field in which the UUIDs differ is greater for the first UUID.

        Specified by:
        compareTo in interface Comparable<UUID>
        Parameters:
        val - UUID to which this UUID is to be compared
        Returns:
        -1, 0 or 1 as this UUID is less than, equal to, or greater than val


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