IT. Expert System.

Java Standard Edition (SE)

LoginContext


compact1, compact2, compact3
javax.security.auth.login

Class LoginContext



  • public class LoginContext
    extends Object

    The LoginContext class describes the basic methods used to authenticate Subjects and provides a way to develop an application independent of the underlying authentication technology. A Configuration specifies the authentication technology, or LoginModule, to be used with a particular application. Different LoginModules can be plugged in under an application without requiring any modifications to the application itself.

    In addition to supporting pluggable authentication, this class also supports the notion of stacked authentication. Applications may be configured to use more than one LoginModule. For example, one could configure both a Kerberos LoginModule and a smart card LoginModule under an application.

    A typical caller instantiates a LoginContext with a name and a CallbackHandler. LoginContext uses the name as the index into a Configuration to determine which LoginModules should be used, and which ones must succeed in order for the overall authentication to succeed. The CallbackHandler is passed to the underlying LoginModules so they may communicate and interact with users (prompting for a username and password via a graphical user interface, for example).

    Once the caller has instantiated a LoginContext, it invokes the login method to authenticate a Subject. The login method invokes the configured modules to perform their respective types of authentication (username/password, smart card pin verification, etc.). Note that the LoginModules will not attempt authentication retries nor introduce delays if the authentication fails. Such tasks belong to the LoginContext caller.

    If the login method returns without throwing an exception, then the overall authentication succeeded. The caller can then retrieve the newly authenticated Subject by invoking the getSubject method. Principals and Credentials associated with the Subject may be retrieved by invoking the Subject's respective getPrincipals, getPublicCredentials, and getPrivateCredentials methods.

    To logout the Subject, the caller calls the logout method. As with the login method, this logout method invokes the logout method for the configured modules.

    A LoginContext should not be used to authenticate more than one Subject. A separate LoginContext should be used to authenticate each different Subject.

    The following documentation applies to all LoginContext constructors:

    1. Subject
      • If the constructor has a Subject input parameter, the LoginContext uses the caller-specified Subject object.
      • If the caller specifies a null Subject and a null value is permitted, the LoginContext instantiates a new Subject.
      • If the constructor does not have a Subject input parameter, the LoginContext instantiates a new Subject.

    2. Configuration
      • If the constructor has a Configuration input parameter and the caller specifies a non-null Configuration, the LoginContext uses the caller-specified Configuration.

        If the constructor does not have a Configuration input parameter, or if the caller specifies a null Configuration object, the constructor uses the following call to get the installed Configuration:

              config = Configuration.getConfiguration();
         
        For both cases, the name argument given to the constructor is passed to the Configuration.getAppConfigurationEntry method. If the Configuration has no entries for the specified name, then the LoginContext calls getAppConfigurationEntry with the name, "other" (the default entry name). If there is no entry for "other", then a LoginException is thrown.
      • When LoginContext uses the installed Configuration, the caller requires the createLoginContext.name and possibly createLoginContext.other AuthPermissions. Furthermore, the LoginContext will invoke configured modules from within an AccessController.doPrivileged call so that modules that perform security-sensitive tasks (such as connecting to remote hosts, and updating the Subject) will require the respective permissions, but the callers of the LoginContext will not require those permissions.
      • When LoginContext uses a caller-specified Configuration, the caller does not require any createLoginContext AuthPermission. The LoginContext saves the AccessControlContext for the caller, and invokes the configured modules from within an AccessController.doPrivileged call constrained by that context. This means the caller context (stored when the LoginContext was created) must have sufficient permissions to perform any security-sensitive tasks that the modules may perform.

    3. CallbackHandler
      • If the constructor has a CallbackHandler input parameter, the LoginContext uses the caller-specified CallbackHandler object.
      • If the constructor does not have a CallbackHandler input parameter, or if the caller specifies a null CallbackHandler object (and a null value is permitted), the LoginContext queries the auth.login.defaultCallbackHandler security property for the fully qualified class name of a default handler implementation. If the security property is not set, then the underlying modules will not have a CallbackHandler for use in communicating with users. The caller thus assumes that the configured modules have alternative means for authenticating the user.
      • When the LoginContext uses the installed Configuration (instead of a caller-specified Configuration, see above), then this LoginContext must wrap any caller-specified or default CallbackHandler implementation in a new CallbackHandler implementation whose handle method implementation invokes the specified CallbackHandler's handle method in a java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged call constrained by the caller's current AccessControlContext.
    See Also:
    Security, AuthPermission, Subject, CallbackHandler, Configuration, LoginModule, security properties
    • Constructor Detail

      • LoginContext

        public LoginContext(String name)
                     throws LoginException
        Instantiate a new LoginContext object with a name.
        Parameters:
        name - the name used as the index into the Configuration.
        Throws:
        LoginException - if the caller-specified name does not appear in the Configuration and there is no Configuration entry for "other", or if the auth.login.defaultCallbackHandler security property was set, but the implementation class could not be loaded.

        SecurityException - if a SecurityManager is set and the caller does not have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.name"), or if a configuration entry for name does not exist and the caller does not additionally have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.other")
      • LoginContext

        public LoginContext(String name,
                            Subject subject)
                     throws LoginException
        Instantiate a new LoginContext object with a name and a Subject object.

        Parameters:
        name - the name used as the index into the Configuration.

        subject - the Subject to authenticate.
        Throws:
        LoginException - if the caller-specified name does not appear in the Configuration and there is no Configuration entry for "other", if the caller-specified subject is null, or if the auth.login.defaultCallbackHandler security property was set, but the implementation class could not be loaded.

        SecurityException - if a SecurityManager is set and the caller does not have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.name"), or if a configuration entry for name does not exist and the caller does not additionally have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.other")
      • LoginContext

        public LoginContext(String name,
                            CallbackHandler callbackHandler)
                     throws LoginException
        Instantiate a new LoginContext object with a name and a CallbackHandler object.

        Parameters:
        name - the name used as the index into the Configuration.

        callbackHandler - the CallbackHandler object used by LoginModules to communicate with the user.
        Throws:
        LoginException - if the caller-specified name does not appear in the Configuration and there is no Configuration entry for "other", or if the caller-specified callbackHandler is null.

        SecurityException - if a SecurityManager is set and the caller does not have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.name"), or if a configuration entry for name does not exist and the caller does not additionally have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.other")
      • LoginContext

        public LoginContext(String name,
                            Subject subject,
                            CallbackHandler callbackHandler)
                     throws LoginException
        Instantiate a new LoginContext object with a name, a Subject to be authenticated, and a CallbackHandler object.

        Parameters:
        name - the name used as the index into the Configuration.

        subject - the Subject to authenticate.

        callbackHandler - the CallbackHandler object used by LoginModules to communicate with the user.
        Throws:
        LoginException - if the caller-specified name does not appear in the Configuration and there is no Configuration entry for "other", or if the caller-specified subject is null, or if the caller-specified callbackHandler is null.

        SecurityException - if a SecurityManager is set and the caller does not have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.name"), or if a configuration entry for name does not exist and the caller does not additionally have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.other")
      • LoginContext

        public LoginContext(String name,
                            Subject subject,
                            CallbackHandler callbackHandler,
                            Configuration config)
                     throws LoginException
        Instantiate a new LoginContext object with a name, a Subject to be authenticated, a CallbackHandler object, and a login Configuration.

        Parameters:
        name - the name used as the index into the caller-specified Configuration.

        subject - the Subject to authenticate, or null.

        callbackHandler - the CallbackHandler object used by LoginModules to communicate with the user, or null.

        config - the Configuration that lists the login modules to be called to perform the authentication, or null.
        Throws:
        LoginException - if the caller-specified name does not appear in the Configuration and there is no Configuration entry for "other".

        SecurityException - if a SecurityManager is set, config is null, and either the caller does not have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.name"), or if a configuration entry for name does not exist and the caller does not additionally have AuthPermission("createLoginContext.other")
        Since:
        1.5
    • Method Detail

      • login

        public void login()
                   throws LoginException
        Perform the authentication.

        This method invokes the login method for each LoginModule configured for the name specified to the LoginContext constructor, as determined by the login Configuration. Each LoginModule then performs its respective type of authentication (username/password, smart card pin verification, etc.).

        This method completes a 2-phase authentication process by calling each configured LoginModule's commit method if the overall authentication succeeded (the relevant REQUIRED, REQUISITE, SUFFICIENT, and OPTIONAL LoginModules succeeded), or by calling each configured LoginModule's abort method if the overall authentication failed. If authentication succeeded, each successful LoginModule's commit method associates the relevant Principals and Credentials with the Subject. If authentication failed, each LoginModule's abort method removes/destroys any previously stored state.

        If the commit phase of the authentication process fails, then the overall authentication fails and this method invokes the abort method for each configured LoginModule.

        If the abort phase fails for any reason, then this method propagates the original exception thrown either during the login phase or the commit phase. In either case, the overall authentication fails.

        In the case where multiple LoginModules fail, this method propagates the exception raised by the first LoginModule which failed.

        Note that if this method enters the abort phase (either the login or commit phase failed), this method invokes all LoginModules configured for the application regardless of their respective Configuration flag parameters. Essentially this means that Requisite and Sufficient semantics are ignored during the abort phase. This guarantees that proper cleanup and state restoration can take place.

        Throws:
        LoginException - if the authentication fails.
      • logout

        public void logout()
                    throws LoginException
        Logout the Subject.

        This method invokes the logout method for each LoginModule configured for this LoginContext. Each LoginModule performs its respective logout procedure which may include removing/destroying Principal and Credential information from the Subject and state cleanup.

        Note that this method invokes all LoginModules configured for the application regardless of their respective Configuration flag parameters. Essentially this means that Requisite and Sufficient semantics are ignored for this method. This guarantees that proper cleanup and state restoration can take place.

        Throws:
        LoginException - if the logout fails.
      • getSubject

        public Subject getSubject()
        Return the authenticated Subject.

        Returns:
        the authenticated Subject. If the caller specified a Subject to this LoginContext's constructor, this method returns the caller-specified Subject. If a Subject was not specified and authentication succeeds, this method returns the Subject instantiated and used for authentication by this LoginContext. If a Subject was not specified, and authentication fails or has not been attempted, this method returns null.


Content

Android Reference

Java basics

Java Enterprise Edition (EE)

Java Standard Edition (SE)

SQL

HTML

PHP

CSS

Java Script

MYSQL

JQUERY

VBS

REGEX

C

C++

C#

Design patterns

RFC (standard status)

RFC (proposed standard status)

RFC (draft standard status)

RFC (informational status)

RFC (experimental status)

RFC (best current practice status)

RFC (historic status)

RFC (unknown status)

IT dictionary

License.
All information of this service is derived from the free sources and is provided solely in the form of quotations. This service provides information and interfaces solely for the familiarization (not ownership) and under the "as is" condition.
Copyright 2016 © ELTASK.COM. All rights reserved.
Site is optimized for mobile devices.
Downloads: 656 / 158798344. Delta: 0.03248 с