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Java Standard Edition (SE)

KeyStroke


javax.swing

Class KeyStroke

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable


    public class KeyStroke
    extends AWTKeyStroke
    A KeyStroke represents a key action on the keyboard, or equivalent input device. KeyStrokes can correspond to only a press or release of a particular key, just as KEY_PRESSED and KEY_RELEASED KeyEvents do; alternately, they can correspond to typing a specific Java character, just as KEY_TYPED KeyEvents do. In all cases, KeyStrokes can specify modifiers (alt, shift, control, meta, altGraph, or a combination thereof) which must be present during the action for an exact match.

    KeyStrokes are used to define high-level (semantic) action events. Instead of trapping every keystroke and throwing away the ones you are not interested in, those keystrokes you care about automatically initiate actions on the Components with which they are registered.

    KeyStrokes are immutable, and are intended to be unique. Client code cannot create a KeyStroke; a variant of getKeyStroke must be used instead. These factory methods allow the KeyStroke implementation to cache and share instances efficiently.

    Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeans™ has been added to the java.beans package. Please see XMLEncoder.

    See Also:
    Keymap, getKeyStroke(char)
    • Method Detail

      • getKeyStroke

        public static KeyStroke getKeyStroke(char keyChar)
        Returns a shared instance of a KeyStroke that represents a KEY_TYPED event for the specified character.
        Parameters:
        keyChar - the character value for a keyboard key
        Returns:
        a KeyStroke object for that key
      • getKeyStroke

        @Deprecated
        public static KeyStroke getKeyStroke(char keyChar,
                                                         boolean onKeyRelease)
        Deprecated. use getKeyStroke(char)
        Returns an instance of a KeyStroke, specifying whether the key is considered to be activated when it is pressed or released. Unlike all other factory methods in this class, the instances returned by this method are not necessarily cached or shared.
        Parameters:
        keyChar - the character value for a keyboard key
        onKeyRelease - true if this KeyStroke corresponds to a key release; false otherwise.
        Returns:
        a KeyStroke object for that key
      • getKeyStroke

        public static KeyStroke getKeyStroke(Character keyChar,
                                             int modifiers)
        Returns a shared instance of a KeyStroke that represents a KEY_TYPED event for the specified Character object and a set of modifiers. Note that the first parameter is of type Character rather than char. This is to avoid inadvertent clashes with calls to getKeyStroke(int keyCode, int modifiers). The modifiers consist of any combination of following:
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.SHIFT_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.CTRL_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.META_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_GRAPH_DOWN_MASK
        The old modifiers listed below also can be used, but they are mapped to _DOWN_ modifiers.
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.SHIFT_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.CTRL_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.META_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_GRAPH_MASK
        also can be used, but they are mapped to _DOWN_ modifiers. Since these numbers are all different powers of two, any combination of them is an integer in which each bit represents a different modifier key. Use 0 to specify no modifiers.
        Parameters:
        keyChar - the Character object for a keyboard character
        modifiers - a bitwise-ored combination of any modifiers
        Returns:
        an KeyStroke object for that key
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if keyChar is null
        Since:
        1.3
        See Also:
        InputEvent
      • getKeyStroke

        public static KeyStroke getKeyStroke(int keyCode,
                                             int modifiers,
                                             boolean onKeyRelease)
        Returns a shared instance of a KeyStroke, given a numeric key code and a set of modifiers, specifying whether the key is activated when it is pressed or released.

        The "virtual key" constants defined in java.awt.event.KeyEvent can be used to specify the key code. For example:

        • java.awt.event.KeyEvent.VK_ENTER
        • java.awt.event.KeyEvent.VK_TAB
        • java.awt.event.KeyEvent.VK_SPACE
        Alternatively, the key code may be obtained by calling java.awt.event.KeyEvent.getExtendedKeyCodeForChar. The modifiers consist of any combination of:
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.SHIFT_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.CTRL_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.META_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_GRAPH_DOWN_MASK
        The old modifiers
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.SHIFT_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.CTRL_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.META_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_GRAPH_MASK
        also can be used, but they are mapped to _DOWN_ modifiers. Since these numbers are all different powers of two, any combination of them is an integer in which each bit represents a different modifier key. Use 0 to specify no modifiers.
        Parameters:
        keyCode - an int specifying the numeric code for a keyboard key
        modifiers - a bitwise-ored combination of any modifiers
        onKeyRelease - true if the KeyStroke should represent a key release; false otherwise.
        Returns:
        a KeyStroke object for that key
        See Also:
        KeyEvent, InputEvent
      • getKeyStroke

        public static KeyStroke getKeyStroke(int keyCode,
                                             int modifiers)
        Returns a shared instance of a KeyStroke, given a numeric key code and a set of modifiers. The returned KeyStroke will correspond to a key press.

        The "virtual key" constants defined in java.awt.event.KeyEvent can be used to specify the key code. For example:

        • java.awt.event.KeyEvent.VK_ENTER
        • java.awt.event.KeyEvent.VK_TAB
        • java.awt.event.KeyEvent.VK_SPACE
        Alternatively, the key code may be obtained by calling java.awt.event.KeyEvent.getExtendedKeyCodeForChar. The modifiers consist of any combination of:
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.SHIFT_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.CTRL_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.META_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_DOWN_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_GRAPH_DOWN_MASK
        The old modifiers
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.SHIFT_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.CTRL_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.META_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_MASK
        • java.awt.event.InputEvent.ALT_GRAPH_MASK
        also can be used, but they are mapped to _DOWN_ modifiers. Since these numbers are all different powers of two, any combination of them is an integer in which each bit represents a different modifier key. Use 0 to specify no modifiers.
        Parameters:
        keyCode - an int specifying the numeric code for a keyboard key
        modifiers - a bitwise-ored combination of any modifiers
        Returns:
        a KeyStroke object for that key
        See Also:
        KeyEvent, InputEvent
      • getKeyStrokeForEvent

        public static KeyStroke getKeyStrokeForEvent(KeyEvent anEvent)
        Returns a KeyStroke which represents the stroke which generated a given KeyEvent.

        This method obtains the keyChar from a KeyTyped event, and the keyCode from a KeyPressed or KeyReleased event. The KeyEvent modifiers are obtained for all three types of KeyEvent.

        Parameters:
        anEvent - the KeyEvent from which to obtain the KeyStroke
        Returns:
        the KeyStroke that precipitated the event
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if anEvent is null
      • getKeyStroke

        public static KeyStroke getKeyStroke(String s)
        Parses a string and returns a KeyStroke. The string must have the following syntax:
            <modifiers>* (<typedID> | <pressedReleasedID>)
        
            modifiers := shift | control | ctrl | meta | alt | altGraph
            typedID := typed <typedKey>
            typedKey := string of length 1 giving Unicode character.
            pressedReleasedID := (pressed | released) key
            key := KeyEvent key code name, i.e. the name following "VK_".
         
        If typed, pressed or released is not specified, pressed is assumed. Here are some examples:
             "INSERT" => getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_INSERT, 0);
             "control DELETE" => getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_DELETE, InputEvent.CTRL_MASK);
             "alt shift X" => getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_X, InputEvent.ALT_MASK | InputEvent.SHIFT_MASK);
             "alt shift released X" => getKeyStroke(KeyEvent.VK_X, InputEvent.ALT_MASK | InputEvent.SHIFT_MASK, true);
             "typed a" => getKeyStroke('a');
         
        In order to maintain backward-compatibility, specifying a null String, or a String which is formatted incorrectly, returns null.
        Parameters:
        s - a String formatted as described above
        Returns:
        a KeyStroke object for that String, or null if the specified String is null, or is formatted incorrectly
        See Also:
        KeyEvent


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