IT. Expert System.

Java Standard Edition (SE)

TransportService


com.sun.jdi.connect.spi

Class TransportService



  • @Exported
    public abstract class TransportService
    extends Object
    A transport service for connections between a debugger and a target VM.

    A transport service is a concrete subclass of this class that has a zero-argument constructor and implements the abstract methods specified below. It is the underlying service used by a Transport for connections between a debugger and a target VM.

    A transport service is used to establish a connection between a debugger and a target VM, and to transport Java Debug Wire Protocol (JDWP) packets over an underlying communication protocol. In essence a transport service implementation binds JDWP (as specified in the JDWP specification) to an underlying communication protocol. A transport service implementation provides a reliable JDWP packet transportation service. JDWP packets are sent to and from the target VM without duplication or data loss. A transport service implementation may be based on an underlying communication protocol that is reliable or unreliable. If the underlying communication protocol is reliable then the transport service implementation may be relatively simple and may only need to transport JDWP packets as payloads of the underlying communication protocol. In the case of an unreliable communication protocol the transport service implementation may include additional protocol support in order to ensure that packets are not duplicated and that there is no data loss. The details of such protocols are specific to the implementation but may involve techniques such as the positive acknowledgment with retransmission technique used in protocols such as the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) (see RFC 793 ).

    A transport service can be used to initiate a connection to a target VM. This is done by invoking the attach(java.lang.String, long, long) method. Alternatively, a transport service can listen and accept connections initiated by a target VM. This is done by invoking the startListening(String) method to put the transport into listen mode. Then the accept(com.sun.jdi.connect.spi.TransportService.ListenKey, long, long) method is used to accept a connection initiated by a target VM.

    Since:
    1.5
    • Constructor Detail

      • TransportService

        public TransportService()
    • Method Detail

      • name

        public abstract String name()
        Returns a name to identify the transport service.
        Returns:
        The name of the transport service
      • description

        public abstract String description()
        Returns a description of the transport service.
        Returns:
        The description of the transport service
      • capabilities

        public abstract TransportService.Capabilities capabilities()
        Returns the capabilities of the transport service.
        Returns:
        the transport service capabilities
      • attach

        public abstract Connection attach(String address,
                                          long attachTimeout,
                                          long handshakeTimeout)
                                   throws IOException
        Attaches to the specified address.

        Attaches to the specified address and returns a connection representing the bi-directional communication channel to the target VM.

        Attaching to the target VM involves two steps: First, a connection is established to specified address. This is followed by a handshake to ensure that the connection is to a target VM. The handshake involves the exchange of a string JDWP-Handshake as specified in the Java Debug Wire Protocol specification.

        Parameters:
        address - The address of the target VM.
        attachTimeout - If this transport service supports an attach timeout, and if attachTimeout is positive, then it specifies the timeout, in milliseconds (more or less), to use when attaching to the target VM. If the transport service does not support an attach timeout, or if attachTimeout is specified as zero then attach without any timeout.
        handshakeTimeout - If this transport service supports a handshake timeout, and if handshakeTimeout is positive, then it specifies the timeout, in milliseconds (more or less), to use when handshaking with the target VM. The exact usage of the timeout are specific to the transport service. A transport service may, for example, use the handshake timeout as the inter-character timeout while waiting for the JDWP-Handshake message from the target VM. Alternatively, a transport service may, for example, use the handshakeTimeout as a timeout for the duration of the handshake exchange. If the transport service does not support a handshake timeout, or if handshakeTimeout is specified as zero then the handshake does not timeout if there isn't a response from the target VM.
        Returns:
        The Connection representing the bi-directional communication channel to the target VM.
        Throws:
        TransportTimeoutException - If a timeout occurs while establishing the connection.
        IOException - If an I/O error occurs (including a timeout when handshaking).
        IllegalArgumentException - If the address is invalid or the value of the attach timeout or handshake timeout is negative.
        See Also:
        TransportService.Capabilities.supportsAttachTimeout()
      • startListening

        public abstract TransportService.ListenKey startListening(String address)
                                                           throws IOException
        Listens on the specified address for inbound connections.

        This method starts the transport service listening on the specified address so that it can subsequently accept an inbound connection. It does not wait until an inbound connection is established.

        Parameters:
        address - The address to start listening for connections, or null to listen on an address chosen by the transport service.
        Returns:
        a listen key to be used in subsequent calls to be accept or stopListening methods.
        Throws:
        IOException - If an I/O error occurs.
        IllegalArgumentException - If the specific address is invalid
      • stopListening

        public abstract void stopListening(TransportService.ListenKey listenKey)
                                    throws IOException
        Stop listening for inbound connections.

        Invoking this method while another thread is blocked in accept, with the same listen key, waiting to accept a connection will cause that thread to throw an IOException. If the thread blocked in accept has already accepted a connection from a target VM and is in the process of handshaking with the target VM then invoking this method will not cause the thread to throw an exception.

        Parameters:
        listenKey - The listen key obtained from a previous call to startListening(String) or startListening().
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - If the listen key is invalid
        IOException - If an I/O error occurs.
      • accept

        public abstract Connection accept(TransportService.ListenKey listenKey,
                                          long acceptTimeout,
                                          long handshakeTimeout)
                                   throws IOException
        Accept a connection from a target VM.

        Waits (indefinitely or with timeout) to accept a connection from a target VM. Returns a connection representing the bi-directional communication channel to the target VM.

        Accepting a connection from a target VM involves two steps. First, the transport service waits to accept the connection from the target VM. Once the connection is established a handshake is performed to ensure that the connection is indeed to a target VM. The handshake involves the exchange of a string JDWP-Handshake as specified in the Java Debug Wire Protocol specification.

        Parameters:
        listenKey - A listen key obtained from a previous call to startListening(String) or startListening().
        acceptTimeout - if this transport service supports an accept timeout, and if acceptTimeout is positive then block for up to acceptTimeout milliseconds, more or less, while waiting for the target VM to connect. If the transport service does not support an accept timeout or if acceptTimeout is zero then block indefinitely for a target VM to connect.
        handshakeTimeout - If this transport service supports a handshake timeout, and if handshakeTimeout is positive, then it specifies the timeout, in milliseconds (more or less), to use when handshaking with the target VM. The exact usage of the timeout is specific to the transport service. A transport service may, for example, use the handshake timeout as the inter-character timeout while waiting for the JDWP-Handshake message from the target VM. Alternatively, a transport service may, for example, use the timeout as a timeout for the duration of the handshake exchange. If the transport service does not support a handshake timeout, of if handshakeTimeout is specified as zero then the handshake does not timeout if there isn't a response from the target VM.
        Returns:
        The Connection representing the bi-directional communication channel to the target VM.
        Throws:
        TransportTimeoutException - If a timeout occurs while waiting for a target VM to connect.
        IOException - If an I/O error occurs (including a timeout when handshaking).
        IllegalArgumentException - If the value of the acceptTimeout argument, or handshakeTimeout is negative, or an invalid listen key is provided.
        IllegalStateException - If stopListening has already been called with this listen key and the transport service is no longer listening for inbound connections.
        See Also:
        TransportService.Capabilities.supportsAcceptTimeout()


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