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RFC (proposed standard status)

Telnet terminal location number option. R. Nedved. May 1985. RFC946. (Format: TXT=6285 bytes) (Status: PROPOSED STANDARD) (DOI: 10.17487 / RFC946)


 Network Working Group                                          R. Nedved
Request for Comments: 946                     Carnegie-Mellon University
                                                                May 1985
                 TELNET TERMINAL LOCATION NUMBER OPTION
Status of this Memo
   This RFC proposes a new option for Telnet for the ARPA-Internet
   community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements.
   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
Overview
   In a community of users that share a large degree of common
   facilities, it is often advantageous to use some common feature to
   improve software performance and reduce initial implementation costs.
   In March of 1982, CMU designed and implemented based on the growing
   CMU PUP-based network a terminal location database and modified
   existing network software to handle a 64-bit number which some call
   the Terminal Location Number or TTYLOC for short.  The number can be
   efficiently stored in operating systems tables and can be passed
   between various levels of operating system and network layering with
   minimum modifications to existing software.  An initial evaluation of
   changing software to communicate an unfixed or reasonable length
   terminal location string indicated it would be expensive.
   CMU now wishes to extend this mechanism into the TCP-based networking
   support that is replacing the existing PUP-based software.  The
   mechanism is not viewed as a replacement for the Telnet Terminal
   Location (SEND-LOCATION) Option but as a shorthand mechansim for
   communicating hosts in the same community.
TTYLOC Number
   The TTYLOC number is a 64-bit number composed of two (2) 32-bit
   numbers: The 32-bit official ARPA Internet host address (may be any
   one of the addresses for multi-homed hosts) and a 32-bit number
   representing the terminal on the specified host.  The host address of
   [0.0.0.0] is defined to be "unknown", the terminal number of FFFFFFFF
   (hex, r or-1 in decimal) is defined to be "unknown" and the terminal
   number of FFFFFFFE (hex, or -2 in decimal) is defined to be
   "detached" for processes that are not attached to a terminal.
Nedved                                                          [Page 1]

RFC 946                                                         May 1985
Telnet Terminal Location Number Option
1. Command Name and Option Code
   TTYLOC  28
2. Command Meanings
   IAC WILL TTYLOC
      The sender offers to send the TTYLOC information or confirms that
      it can send the TTYLOC information.
   IAC WON'T TTYLOC
      The sender refuses to send the TTYLOC information.
   IAC DO TTYLOC
      The sender requests to receive the TTYLOC information or confirms
      that it will receive the TTYLOC information.
   IAC DON'T TTYLOC
      The sender refuses to receive the TTYLOC information.
   IAC SB TTYLOC <format> <TTYLOC number with IAC doubling> IAC SE
      The sender is transmitting the TTYLOC information. The 64-bit
      TTYLOC number has format 0. The first 32-bits is the Internet host
      number and the second 32-bits is the line on the specified
      Internet host. The bytes are in most significant 8-bit byte to
      least significant byte order.
3. Default Specification
   WON'T TTYLOC
      TTYLOC information will not be sent.
   DON'T TTYLOC
      TTYLOC information will not be received.
Nedved                                                          [Page 2]

RFC 946                                                         May 1985
Telnet Terminal Location Number Option
4. Motivation
   Many systems provide a mechanism for finding out where a user is
   logged in from usually including information about telephone
   extension and office occupants names. The information is useful for
   physically locating people and/or calling them on the phone.
   For incoming network connections to a host, only the remote host's
   name is available. This option and the Telnet Terminal Location
   option (RFC-779) provide the information to the system so it in turn
   can provide the information to the various mechanisms (FINGER, WHOIS,
   etc.).
5. Description of the Option
   When the user Telnet connects to a remote host, it can attempt to
   send the terminal location number information by doing a
   IAC WILL TTYLOC command. If the Telnet server can use the
   information, it replies with a IAC DO TTYLOC command. The user Telnet
   then sends the TTYLOC number in the subnegotiation.
   It is recommended that if sending the TTYLOC number is refused then
   the Telnet Terminal Location (SEND-LOCATION in RFC-779) should be
   attempted.
   The following are two example usage scenarios:
      User Side First:
         (User) Host1: IAC WILL TTYLOC
            Host1 is asking if it can send the 64-bit terminal location
            number (I will send...).
         (Server) Host2: IAC DO TTYLOC
            Host2 indicates to Host1 that it will accept the 64-bit
            terminal location number in a subnegotiation (You please do
            ...).
         (User) Host1: IAC SB TTYLOC 0 <64-bit number> IAC SE
            Host1 is sending the location number to Host2 which can
            communicate the number to the operating system or other
            system components.
Nedved                                                          [Page 3]

RFC 946                                                         May 1985
Telnet Terminal Location Number Option
      Server Side First:
         (Server) HostA: IAC DO TTYLOC
            HostA indicates to HostB that it would like to know the
            64-bit terminal location number (You please do ...).
         (User) HostB: IAC WILL TTYLOC
            HostB agrees to send the 64-bit terminal location number to
            HostA in a subnegotiation (I will send...).
         (User) HostB: IAC SB TTYLOC 0 <64-bit number> IAC SE
            HostB is sending the location number to HostA which can
            communicate the number to the operating system or other
            system components.
Nedved                                                          [Page 4] 


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