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Android Reference

Resources


android.content.res

Class Resources

  • Direct Known Subclasses:
    BridgeResources, MockResources


    public class Resources
    extends Object
    Class for accessing an application's resources. This sits on top of the asset manager of the application (accessible through getAssets()) and provides a high-level API for getting typed data from the assets.

    The Android resource system keeps track of all non-code assets associated with an application. You can use this class to access your application's resources. You can generally acquire the Resources instance associated with your application with getResources().

    The Android SDK tools compile your application's resources into the application binary at build time. To use a resource, you must install it correctly in the source tree (inside your project's res/ directory) and build your application. As part of the build process, the SDK tools generate symbols for each resource, which you can use in your application code to access the resources.

    Using application resources makes it easy to update various characteristics of your application without modifying code, and—by providing sets of alternative resources—enables you to optimize your application for a variety of device configurations (such as for different languages and screen sizes). This is an important aspect of developing Android applications that are compatible on different types of devices.

    For more information about using resources, see the documentation about Application Resources.

    • Constructor Detail

      • Resources

        public Resources(AssetManager assets,
                 DisplayMetrics metrics,
                 Configuration config)
        Create a new Resources object on top of an existing set of assets in an AssetManager.
        Parameters:
        assets - Previously created AssetManager.
        metrics - Current display metrics to consider when selecting/computing resource values.
        config - Desired device configuration to consider when selecting/computing resource values (optional).
      • Resources

        public Resources(AssetManager assets,
                 DisplayMetrics metrics,
                 Configuration config,
                 CompatibilityInfo compInfo)
        Creates a new Resources object with CompatibilityInfo.
        Parameters:
        assets - Previously created AssetManager.
        metrics - Current display metrics to consider when selecting/computing resource values.
        config - Desired device configuration to consider when selecting/computing resource values (optional).
        compInfo - this resource's compatibility info. It will use the default compatibility info when it's null.
    • Method Detail

      • selectDefaultTheme

        public static int selectDefaultTheme(int curTheme,
                             int targetSdkVersion)
      • selectSystemTheme

        public static int selectSystemTheme(int curTheme,
                            int targetSdkVersion,
                            int orig,
                            int holo,
                            int deviceDefault)
      • getSystem

        public static Resources getSystem()
        Return a global shared Resources object that provides access to only system resources (no application resources), and is not configured for the current screen (can not use dimension units, does not change based on orientation, etc).
      • getText

        public CharSequence getText(int id)
                             throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the string value associated with a particular resource ID. The returned object will be a String if this is a plain string; it will be some other type of CharSequence if it is styled.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        CharSequence The string data associated with the resource, plus possibly styled text information.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getQuantityText

        public CharSequence getQuantityText(int id,
                                   int quantity)
                                     throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the character sequence associated with a particular resource ID for a particular numerical quantity.

        See String Resources for more on quantity strings.

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        quantity - The number used to get the correct string for the current language's plural rules.
        Returns:
        CharSequence The string data associated with the resource, plus possibly styled text information.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getString

        public String getString(int id)
                         throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the string value associated with a particular resource ID. It will be stripped of any styled text information.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        String The string data associated with the resource, stripped of styled text information.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getString

        public String getString(int id,
                       Object... formatArgs)
                         throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the string value associated with a particular resource ID, substituting the format arguments as defined in Formatter and String.format(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object...). It will be stripped of any styled text information.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        formatArgs - The format arguments that will be used for substitution.
        Returns:
        String The string data associated with the resource, stripped of styled text information.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getQuantityString

        public String getQuantityString(int id,
                               int quantity,
                               Object... formatArgs)
                                 throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the string value associated with a particular resource ID for a particular numerical quantity, substituting the format arguments as defined in Formatter and String.format(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object...). It will be stripped of any styled text information.

        See String Resources for more on quantity strings.

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        quantity - The number used to get the correct string for the current language's plural rules.
        formatArgs - The format arguments that will be used for substitution.
        Returns:
        String The string data associated with the resource, stripped of styled text information.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getQuantityString

        public String getQuantityString(int id,
                               int quantity)
                                 throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the string value associated with a particular resource ID for a particular numerical quantity.

        See String Resources for more on quantity strings.

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        quantity - The number used to get the correct string for the current language's plural rules.
        Returns:
        String The string data associated with the resource, stripped of styled text information.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getText

        public CharSequence getText(int id,
                           CharSequence def)
        Return the string value associated with a particular resource ID. The returned object will be a String if this is a plain string; it will be some other type of CharSequence if it is styled.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        def - The default CharSequence to return.
        Returns:
        CharSequence The string data associated with the resource, plus possibly styled text information, or def if id is 0 or not found.
      • getTextArray

        public CharSequence[] getTextArray(int id)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the styled text array associated with a particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        The styled text array associated with the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getStringArray

        public String[] getStringArray(int id)
                                throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the string array associated with a particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        The string array associated with the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getIntArray

        public int[] getIntArray(int id)
                          throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the int array associated with a particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        The int array associated with the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • obtainTypedArray

        public TypedArray obtainTypedArray(int id)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return an array of heterogeneous values.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Returns a TypedArray holding an array of the array values. Be sure to call TypedArray.recycle() when done with it.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getDimension

        public float getDimension(int id)
                           throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Retrieve a dimensional for a particular resource ID. Unit conversions are based on the current DisplayMetrics associated with the resources.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Resource dimension value multiplied by the appropriate metric.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getDimensionPixelOffset(int), getDimensionPixelSize(int)
      • getDimensionPixelOffset

        public int getDimensionPixelOffset(int id)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Retrieve a dimensional for a particular resource ID for use as an offset in raw pixels. This is the same as getDimension(int), except the returned value is converted to integer pixels for you. An offset conversion involves simply truncating the base value to an integer.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Resource dimension value multiplied by the appropriate metric and truncated to integer pixels.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getDimension(int), getDimensionPixelSize(int)
      • getDimensionPixelSize

        public int getDimensionPixelSize(int id)
                                  throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Retrieve a dimensional for a particular resource ID for use as a size in raw pixels. This is the same as getDimension(int), except the returned value is converted to integer pixels for use as a size. A size conversion involves rounding the base value, and ensuring that a non-zero base value is at least one pixel in size.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Resource dimension value multiplied by the appropriate metric and truncated to integer pixels.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getDimension(int), getDimensionPixelOffset(int)
      • getFraction

        public float getFraction(int id,
                        int base,
                        int pbase)
        Retrieve a fractional unit for a particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        base - The base value of this fraction. In other words, a standard fraction is multiplied by this value.
        pbase - The parent base value of this fraction. In other words, a parent fraction (nn%p) is multiplied by this value.
        Returns:
        Attribute fractional value multiplied by the appropriate base value.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getDrawable

        public Drawable getDrawable(int id)
                             throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return a drawable object associated with a particular resource ID. Various types of objects will be returned depending on the underlying resource -- for example, a solid color, PNG image, scalable image, etc. The Drawable API hides these implementation details.

        Note: Prior to Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN, this function would not correctly retrieve the final configuration density when the resource ID passed here is an alias to another Drawable resource. This means that if the density configuration of the alias resource is different than the actual resource, the density of the returned Drawable would be incorrect, resulting in bad scaling. To work around this, you can instead retrieve the Drawable through TypedArray.getDrawable. Use Context.obtainStyledAttributes with an array containing the resource ID of interest to create the TypedArray.

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Drawable An object that can be used to draw this resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getDrawableForDensity

        public Drawable getDrawableForDensity(int id,
                                     int density)
                                       throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return a drawable object associated with a particular resource ID for the given screen density in DPI. This will set the drawable's density to be the device's density multiplied by the ratio of actual drawable density to requested density. This allows the drawable to be scaled up to the correct size if needed. Various types of objects will be returned depending on the underlying resource -- for example, a solid color, PNG image, scalable image, etc. The Drawable API hides these implementation details.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        density - the desired screen density indicated by the resource as found in DisplayMetrics.
        Returns:
        Drawable An object that can be used to draw this resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getMovie

        public Movie getMovie(int id)
                       throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return a movie object associated with the particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getColor

        public int getColor(int id)
                     throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return a color integer associated with a particular resource ID. If the resource holds a complex ColorStateList, then the default color from the set is returned.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Returns a single color value in the form 0xAARRGGBB.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getColorStateList

        public ColorStateList getColorStateList(int id)
                                         throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return a color state list associated with a particular resource ID. The resource may contain either a single raw color value, or a complex ColorStateList holding multiple possible colors.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier of a ColorStateList, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Returns a ColorStateList object containing either a single solid color or multiple colors that can be selected based on a state.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getBoolean

        public boolean getBoolean(int id)
                           throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return a boolean associated with a particular resource ID. This can be used with any integral resource value, and will return true if it is non-zero.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Returns the boolean value contained in the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getInteger

        public int getInteger(int id)
                       throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return an integer associated with a particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        Returns the integer value contained in the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getLayout

        public XmlResourceParser getLayout(int id)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return an XmlResourceParser through which you can read a view layout description for the given resource ID. This parser has limited functionality -- in particular, you can't change its input, and only the high-level events are available.

        This function is really a simple wrapper for calling getXml(int) with a layout resource.

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        A new parser object through which you can read the XML data.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getXml(int)
      • getAnimation

        public XmlResourceParser getAnimation(int id)
                                       throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return an XmlResourceParser through which you can read an animation description for the given resource ID. This parser has limited functionality -- in particular, you can't change its input, and only the high-level events are available.

        This function is really a simple wrapper for calling getXml(int) with an animation resource.

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        A new parser object through which you can read the XML data.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getXml(int)
      • getXml

        public XmlResourceParser getXml(int id)
                                 throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return an XmlResourceParser through which you can read a generic XML resource for the given resource ID.

        The XmlPullParser implementation returned here has some limited functionality. In particular, you can't change its input, and only high-level parsing events are available (since the document was pre-parsed for you at build time, which involved merging text and stripping comments).

        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        Returns:
        A new parser object through which you can read the XML data.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        AttributeSet
      • openRawResource

        public InputStream openRawResource(int id)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Open a data stream for reading a raw resource. This can only be used with resources whose value is the name of an asset files -- that is, it can be used to open drawable, sound, and raw resources; it will fail on string and color resources.
        Parameters:
        id - The resource identifier to open, as generated by the appt tool.
        Returns:
        InputStream Access to the resource data.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • openRawResource

        public InputStream openRawResource(int id,
                                  TypedValue value)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Open a data stream for reading a raw resource. This can only be used with resources whose value is the name of an asset file -- that is, it can be used to open drawable, sound, and raw resources; it will fail on string and color resources.
        Parameters:
        id - The resource identifier to open, as generated by the appt tool.
        value - The TypedValue object to hold the resource information.
        Returns:
        InputStream Access to the resource data.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • openRawResourceFd

        public AssetFileDescriptor openRawResourceFd(int id)
                                              throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Open a file descriptor for reading a raw resource. This can only be used with resources whose value is the name of an asset files -- that is, it can be used to open drawable, sound, and raw resources; it will fail on string and color resources.

        This function only works for resources that are stored in the package as uncompressed data, which typically includes things like mp3 files and png images.

        Parameters:
        id - The resource identifier to open, as generated by the appt tool.
        Returns:
        AssetFileDescriptor A new file descriptor you can use to read the resource. This includes the file descriptor itself, as well as the offset and length of data where the resource appears in the file. A null is returned if the file exists but is compressed.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getValue

        public void getValue(int id,
                    TypedValue outValue,
                    boolean resolveRefs)
                      throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the raw data associated with a particular resource ID.
        Parameters:
        id - The desired resource identifier, as generated by the aapt tool. This integer encodes the package, type, and resource entry. The value 0 is an invalid identifier.
        outValue - Object in which to place the resource data.
        resolveRefs - If true, a resource that is a reference to another resource will be followed so that you receive the actual final resource data. If false, the TypedValue will be filled in with the reference itself.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • getValueForDensity

        public void getValueForDensity(int id,
                              int density,
                              TypedValue outValue,
                              boolean resolveRefs)
                                throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Get the raw value associated with a resource with associated density.
        Parameters:
        id - resource identifier
        density - density in DPI
        resolveRefs - If true, a resource that is a reference to another resource will be followed so that you receive the actual final resource data. If false, the TypedValue will be filled in with the reference itself.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getValue(String, TypedValue, boolean)
      • getValue

        public void getValue(String name,
                    TypedValue outValue,
                    boolean resolveRefs)
                      throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the raw data associated with a particular resource ID. See getIdentifier() for information on how names are mapped to resource IDs, and getString(int) for information on how string resources are retrieved.

        Note: use of this function is discouraged. It is much more efficient to retrieve resources by identifier than by name.

        Parameters:
        name - The name of the desired resource. This is passed to getIdentifier() with a default type of "string".
        outValue - Object in which to place the resource data.
        resolveRefs - If true, a resource that is a reference to another resource will be followed so that you receive the actual final resource data. If false, the TypedValue will be filled in with the reference itself.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
      • newTheme

        public final Resources.Theme newTheme()
        Generate a new Theme object for this set of Resources. It initially starts out empty.
        Returns:
        Theme The newly created Theme container.
      • updateConfiguration

        public void updateConfiguration(Configuration config,
                               DisplayMetrics metrics)
        Store the newly updated configuration.
      • updateSystemConfiguration

        public static void updateSystemConfiguration(Configuration config,
                                     DisplayMetrics metrics,
                                     CompatibilityInfo compat)
        Update the system resources configuration if they have previously been initialized.
      • getDisplayMetrics

        public DisplayMetrics getDisplayMetrics()
        Return the current display metrics that are in effect for this resource object. The returned object should be treated as read-only.
        Returns:
        The resource's current display metrics.
      • getConfiguration

        public Configuration getConfiguration()
        Return the current configuration that is in effect for this resource object. The returned object should be treated as read-only.
        Returns:
        The resource's current configuration.
      • getCompatibilityInfo

        public CompatibilityInfo getCompatibilityInfo()
        Return the compatibility mode information for the application. The returned object should be treated as read-only.
        Returns:
        compatibility info.
      • setCompatibilityInfo

        public void setCompatibilityInfo(CompatibilityInfo ci)
        This is just for testing.
      • getIdentifier

        public int getIdentifier(String name,
                        String defType,
                        String defPackage)
        Return a resource identifier for the given resource name. A fully qualified resource name is of the form "package:type/entry". The first two components (package and type) are optional if defType and defPackage, respectively, are specified here.

        Note: use of this function is discouraged. It is much more efficient to retrieve resources by identifier than by name.

        Parameters:
        name - The name of the desired resource.
        defType - Optional default resource type to find, if "type/" is not included in the name. Can be null to require an explicit type.
        defPackage - Optional default package to find, if "package:" is not included in the name. Can be null to require an explicit package.
        Returns:
        int The associated resource identifier. Returns 0 if no such resource was found. (0 is not a valid resource ID.)
      • getResourcePackageName

        public String getResourcePackageName(int resid)
                                      throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the package name for a given resource identifier.
        Parameters:
        resid - The resource identifier whose package name is to be retrieved.
        Returns:
        A string holding the package name of the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getResourceName(int)
      • getResourceTypeName

        public String getResourceTypeName(int resid)
                                   throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the type name for a given resource identifier.
        Parameters:
        resid - The resource identifier whose type name is to be retrieved.
        Returns:
        A string holding the type name of the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getResourceName(int)
      • getResourceEntryName

        public String getResourceEntryName(int resid)
                                    throws Resources.NotFoundException
        Return the entry name for a given resource identifier.
        Parameters:
        resid - The resource identifier whose entry name is to be retrieved.
        Returns:
        A string holding the entry name of the resource.
        Throws:
        Resources.NotFoundException - Throws NotFoundException if the given ID does not exist.
        See Also:
        getResourceName(int)
      • getAssets

        public final AssetManager getAssets()
        Retrieve underlying AssetManager storage for these resources.
      • flushLayoutCache

        public final void flushLayoutCache()
        Call this to remove all cached loaded layout resources from the Resources object. Only intended for use with performance testing tools.
      • startPreloading

        public final void startPreloading()
        Start preloading of resource data using this Resources object. Only for use by the zygote process for loading common system resources.
      • finishPreloading

        public final void finishPreloading()
        Called by zygote when it is done preloading resources, to change back to normal Resources operation.


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