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Android Reference

InputStream


java.io

Class InputStream

    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors
      Constructor and Description
      InputStream()
      This constructor does nothing.
    • Method Summary

      Methods
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      int available()
      Returns an estimated number of bytes that can be read or skipped without blocking for more input.
      void close()
      Closes this stream.
      void mark(int readlimit)
      Sets a mark position in this InputStream.
      boolean markSupported()
      Indicates whether this stream supports the mark() and reset() methods.
      abstract int read()
      Reads a single byte from this stream and returns it as an integer in the range from 0 to 255.
      int read(byte[] buffer)
      Equivalent to read(buffer, 0, buffer.length).
      int read(byte[] buffer, int offset, int length)
      Reads at most length bytes from this stream and stores them in the byte array b starting at offset.
      void reset()
      Resets this stream to the last marked location.
      long skip(long byteCount)
      Skips at most n bytes in this stream.
    • Constructor Detail

      • InputStream

        public InputStream()
        This constructor does nothing. It is provided for signature compatibility.
    • Method Detail

      • available

        public int available()
                      throws IOException
        Returns an estimated number of bytes that can be read or skipped without blocking for more input.

        Note that this method provides such a weak guarantee that it is not very useful in practice.

        Firstly, the guarantee is "without blocking for more input" rather than "without blocking": a read may still block waiting for I/O to complete — the guarantee is merely that it won't have to wait indefinitely for data to be written. The result of this method should not be used as a license to do I/O on a thread that shouldn't be blocked.

        Secondly, the result is a conservative estimate and may be significantly smaller than the actual number of bytes available. In particular, an implementation that always returns 0 would be correct. In general, callers should only use this method if they'd be satisfied with treating the result as a boolean yes or no answer to the question "is there definitely data ready?".

        Thirdly, the fact that a given number of bytes is "available" does not guarantee that a read or skip will actually read or skip that many bytes: they may read or skip fewer.

        It is particularly important to realize that you must not use this method to size a container and assume that you can read the entirety of the stream without needing to resize the container. Such callers should probably write everything they read to a ByteArrayOutputStream and convert that to a byte array. Alternatively, if you're reading from a file, File.length() returns the current length of the file (though assuming the file's length can't change may be incorrect, reading a file is inherently racy).

        The default implementation of this method in InputStream always returns 0. Subclasses should override this method if they are able to indicate the number of bytes available.

        Returns:
        the estimated number of bytes available
        Throws:
        IOException - if this stream is closed or an error occurs
      • close

        public void close()
                   throws IOException
        Closes this stream. Concrete implementations of this class should free any resources during close. This implementation does nothing.
        Specified by:
        close in interface Closeable
        Specified by:
        close in interface AutoCloseable
        Throws:
        IOException - if an error occurs while closing this stream.
      • mark

        public void mark(int readlimit)
        Sets a mark position in this InputStream. The parameter readlimit indicates how many bytes can be read before the mark is invalidated. Sending reset() will reposition the stream back to the marked position provided readLimit has not been surpassed.

        This default implementation does nothing and concrete subclasses must provide their own implementation.

        Parameters:
        readlimit - the number of bytes that can be read from this stream before the mark is invalidated.
        See Also:
        markSupported(), reset()
      • markSupported

        public boolean markSupported()
        Indicates whether this stream supports the mark() and reset() methods. The default implementation returns false.
        Returns:
        always false.
        See Also:
        mark(int), reset()
      • read

        public abstract int read()
                          throws IOException
        Reads a single byte from this stream and returns it as an integer in the range from 0 to 255. Returns -1 if the end of the stream has been reached. Blocks until one byte has been read, the end of the source stream is detected or an exception is thrown.
        Returns:
        the byte read or -1 if the end of stream has been reached.
        Throws:
        IOException - if the stream is closed or another IOException occurs.
      • read

        public int read(byte[] buffer)
                 throws IOException
        Equivalent to read(buffer, 0, buffer.length).
        Throws:
        IOException
      • read

        public int read(byte[] buffer,
               int offset,
               int length)
                 throws IOException
        Reads at most length bytes from this stream and stores them in the byte array b starting at offset.
        Parameters:
        buffer - the byte array in which to store the bytes read.
        offset - the initial position in buffer to store the bytes read from this stream.
        length - the maximum number of bytes to store in b.
        Returns:
        the number of bytes actually read or -1 if the end of the stream has been reached.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if offset < 0 or length < 0, or if offset + length is greater than the length of b.
        IOException - if the stream is closed or another IOException occurs.
      • reset

        public void reset()
                   throws IOException
        Resets this stream to the last marked location. Throws an IOException if the number of bytes read since the mark has been set is greater than the limit provided to mark, or if no mark has been set.

        This implementation always throws an IOException and concrete subclasses should provide the proper implementation.

        Throws:
        IOException - if this stream is closed or another IOException occurs.
      • skip

        public long skip(long byteCount)
                  throws IOException
        Skips at most n bytes in this stream. This method does nothing and returns 0 if n is negative, but some subclasses may throw.

        Note the "at most" in the description of this method: this method may choose to skip fewer bytes than requested. Callers should always check the return value.

        This default implementation reads bytes into a temporary buffer. Concrete subclasses should provide their own implementation.

        Parameters:
        byteCount - the number of bytes to skip.
        Returns:
        the number of bytes actually skipped.
        Throws:
        IOException - if this stream is closed or another IOException occurs.


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