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InputStreamReader


java.io

Class InputStreamReader

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Closeable, AutoCloseable, Readable
    Direct Known Subclasses:
    FileReader


    public class InputStreamReader
    extends Reader
    A class for turning a byte stream into a character stream. Data read from the source input stream is converted into characters by either a default or a provided character converter. The default encoding is taken from the "file.encoding" system property. InputStreamReader contains a buffer of bytes read from the source stream and converts these into characters as needed. The buffer size is 8K.
    See Also:
    OutputStreamWriter
    • Constructor Detail

      • InputStreamReader

        public InputStreamReader(InputStream in)
        Constructs a new InputStreamReader on the InputStream in. This constructor sets the character converter to the encoding specified in the "file.encoding" property and falls back to ISO 8859_1 (ISO-Latin-1) if the property doesn't exist.
        Parameters:
        in - the input stream from which to read characters.
      • InputStreamReader

        public InputStreamReader(InputStream in,
                         String charsetName)
                          throws UnsupportedEncodingException
        Constructs a new InputStreamReader on the InputStream in. The character converter that is used to decode bytes into characters is identified by name by charsetName. If the encoding cannot be found, an UnsupportedEncodingException error is thrown.
        Parameters:
        in - the InputStream from which to read characters.
        charsetName - identifies the character converter to use.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if charsetName is null.
        UnsupportedEncodingException - if the encoding specified by charsetName cannot be found.
      • InputStreamReader

        public InputStreamReader(InputStream in,
                         CharsetDecoder dec)
        Constructs a new InputStreamReader on the InputStream in and CharsetDecoder dec.
        Parameters:
        in - the source InputStream from which to read characters.
        dec - the CharsetDecoder used by the character conversion.
      • InputStreamReader

        public InputStreamReader(InputStream in,
                         Charset charset)
        Constructs a new InputStreamReader on the InputStream in and Charset charset.
        Parameters:
        in - the source InputStream from which to read characters.
        charset - the Charset that defines the character converter
    • Method Detail

      • close

        public void close()
                   throws IOException
        Closes this reader. This implementation closes the source InputStream and releases all local storage.
        Specified by:
        close in interface Closeable
        Specified by:
        close in interface AutoCloseable
        Specified by:
        close in class Reader
        Throws:
        IOException - if an error occurs attempting to close this reader.
      • getEncoding

        public String getEncoding()
        Returns the historical name of the encoding used by this writer to convert characters to bytes, or null if this writer has been closed. Most callers should probably keep track of the String or Charset they passed in; this method may not return the same name.
      • read

        public int read()
                 throws IOException
        Reads a single character from this reader and returns it as an integer with the two higher-order bytes set to 0. Returns -1 if the end of the reader has been reached. The byte value is either obtained from converting bytes in this reader's buffer or by first filling the buffer from the source InputStream and then reading from the buffer.
        Overrides:
        read in class Reader
        Returns:
        the character read or -1 if the end of the reader has been reached.
        Throws:
        IOException - if this reader is closed or some other I/O error occurs.
      • read

        public int read(char[] buffer,
               int offset,
               int length)
                 throws IOException
        Reads at most length characters from this reader and stores them at position offset in the character array buf. Returns the number of characters actually read or -1 if the end of the reader has been reached. The bytes are either obtained from converting bytes in this reader's buffer or by first filling the buffer from the source InputStream and then reading from the buffer.
        Specified by:
        read in class Reader
        Parameters:
        buffer - the array to store the characters read.
        offset - the initial position in buf to store the characters read from this reader.
        length - the maximum number of characters to read.
        Returns:
        the number of characters read or -1 if the end of the reader has been reached.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if offset < 0 or length < 0, or if offset + length is greater than the length of buf.
        IOException - if this reader is closed or some other I/O error occurs.
      • ready

        public boolean ready()
                      throws IOException
        Indicates whether this reader is ready to be read without blocking. If the result is true, the next read() will not block. If the result is false then this reader may or may not block when read() is called. This implementation returns true if there are bytes available in the buffer or the source stream has bytes available.
        Overrides:
        ready in class Reader
        Returns:
        true if the receiver will not block when read() is called, false if unknown or blocking will occur.
        Throws:
        IOException - if this reader is closed or some other I/O error occurs.
        See Also:
        Reader.read(), Reader.read(char[]), Reader.read(char[], int, int)


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