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Android Reference

String


java.lang

Class String

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    Serializable, CharSequence, Comparable<String>


    public final class String
    extends Object
    implements Serializable, Comparable<String>, CharSequence
    An immutable sequence of characters/code units (chars). A String is represented by array of UTF-16 values, such that Unicode supplementary characters (code points) are stored/encoded as surrogate pairs via Unicode code units (char).

    Backing Arrays

    This class is implemented using a char[]. The length of the array may exceed the length of the string. For example, the string "Hello" may be backed by the array ['H', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o', 'W'. 'o', 'r', 'l', 'd'] with offset 0 and length 5.

    Multiple strings can share the same char[] because strings are immutable. The substring(int) method always returns a string that shares the backing array of its source string. Generally this is an optimization: fewer character arrays need to be allocated, and less copying is necessary. But this can also lead to unwanted heap retention. Taking a short substring of long string means that the long shared char[] won't be garbage until both strings are garbage. This typically happens when parsing small substrings out of a large input. To avoid this where necessary, call new String(longString.subString(...)). The string copy constructor always ensures that the backing array is no larger than necessary.

    Since:
    1.0
    See Also:
    StringBuffer, StringBuilder, Charset, Serialized Form
    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors
      Constructor and Description
      String()
      Creates an empty string.
      String(byte[] data)
      Converts the byte array to a string using the system's default charset.
      String(byte[] data, Charset charset)
      Converts the byte array to a String using the given charset.
      String(byte[] data, int high)
      Deprecated.
      String(byte[] data, int offset, int byteCount)
      Converts a subsequence of the byte array to a string using the system's default charset.
      String(byte[] data, int offset, int byteCount, Charset charset)
      Converts the byte array to a string using the given charset.
      String(byte[] data, int high, int offset, int byteCount)
      Deprecated.
      String(byte[] data, int offset, int byteCount, String charsetName)
      Converts the byte array to a string using the named charset.
      String(byte[] data, String charsetName)
      Converts the byte array to a string using the named charset.
      String(char[] data)
      Initializes this string to contain the characters in the specified character array.
      String(char[] data, int offset, int charCount)
      Initializes this string to contain the specified characters in the character array.
      String(int[] codePoints, int offset, int count)
      Creates a String from the sub-array of Unicode code points.
      String(String toCopy)
      Constructs a new string with the same sequence of characters as toCopy.
      String(StringBuffer stringBuffer)
      Creates a String from the contents of the specified StringBuffer.
      String(StringBuilder stringBuilder)
      Creates a String from the contents of the specified StringBuilder.
    • Method Summary

      Methods
      Modifier and Type Method and Description
      char charAt(int index)
      Returns the character at the specified offset in this string.
      int codePointAt(int index)
      Returns the Unicode code point at the given index.
      int codePointBefore(int index)
      Returns the Unicode code point that precedes the given index.
      int codePointCount(int start, int end)
      Calculates the number of Unicode code points between start and end.
      int compareTo(String string)
      Compares the specified string to this string using the Unicode values of the characters.
      int compareToIgnoreCase(String string)
      Compares the specified string to this string using the Unicode values of the characters, ignoring case differences.
      String concat(String string)
      Concatenates this string and the specified string.
      boolean contains(CharSequence cs)
      Determines if this String contains the sequence of characters in the CharSequence passed.
      boolean contentEquals(CharSequence cs)
      Compares a CharSequence to this String to determine if their contents are equal.
      boolean contentEquals(StringBuffer strbuf)
      Returns whether the characters in the StringBuffer strbuf are the same as those in this string.
      static String copyValueOf(char[] data)
      Creates a new string containing the characters in the specified character array.
      static String copyValueOf(char[] data, int start, int length)
      Creates a new string containing the specified characters in the character array.
      boolean endsWith(String suffix)
      Compares the specified string to this string to determine if the specified string is a suffix.
      boolean equals(Object object)
      Compares the specified object to this string and returns true if they are equal.
      boolean equalsIgnoreCase(String string)
      Compares the specified string to this string ignoring the case of the characters and returns true if they are equal.
      static String format(Locale locale, String format, Object... args)
      Returns a formatted string, using the supplied format and arguments, localized to the given locale.
      static String format(String format, Object... args)
      Returns a localized formatted string, using the supplied format and arguments, using the user's default locale.
      byte[] getBytes()
      Returns a new byte array containing the characters of this string encoded using the system's default charset.
      byte[] getBytes(Charset charset)
      Returns a new byte array containing the characters of this string encoded using the given charset.
      void getBytes(int start, int end, byte[] data, int index)
      Deprecated.
      byte[] getBytes(String charsetName)
      Returns a new byte array containing the characters of this string encoded using the named charset.
      void getChars(int start, int end, char[] buffer, int index)
      Copies the specified characters in this string to the character array starting at the specified offset in the character array.
      int hashCode()
      Returns an integer hash code for this object.
      int indexOf(int c)
      Searches in this string for the first index of the specified character.
      int indexOf(int c, int start)
      Searches in this string for the index of the specified character.
      int indexOf(String string)
      Searches in this string for the first index of the specified string.
      int indexOf(String subString, int start)
      Searches in this string for the index of the specified string.
      String intern()
      Returns an interned string equal to this string.
      boolean isEmpty()
      Returns true if the length of this string is 0.
      int lastIndexOf(int c)
      Returns the last index of the code point c, or -1.
      int lastIndexOf(int c, int start)
      Returns the last index of the code point c, or -1.
      int lastIndexOf(String string)
      Searches in this string for the last index of the specified string.
      int lastIndexOf(String subString, int start)
      Searches in this string for the index of the specified string.
      int length()
      Returns the size of this string.
      boolean matches(String regularExpression)
      Tests whether this string matches the given regularExpression.
      int offsetByCodePoints(int index, int codePointOffset)
      Returns the index within this object that is offset from index by codePointOffset code points.
      boolean regionMatches(boolean ignoreCase, int thisStart, String string, int start, int length)
      Compares the specified string to this string and compares the specified range of characters to determine if they are the same.
      boolean regionMatches(int thisStart, String string, int start, int length)
      Compares the specified string to this string and compares the specified range of characters to determine if they are the same.
      String replace(char oldChar, char newChar)
      Copies this string replacing occurrences of the specified character with another character.
      String replace(CharSequence target, CharSequence replacement)
      Copies this string replacing occurrences of the specified target sequence with another sequence.
      String replaceAll(String regularExpression, String replacement)
      Replaces all matches for regularExpression within this string with the given replacement.
      String replaceFirst(String regularExpression, String replacement)
      Replaces the first match for regularExpression within this string with the given replacement.
      String[] split(String regularExpression)
      Splits this string using the supplied regularExpression.
      String[] split(String regularExpression, int limit)
      Splits this string using the supplied regularExpression.
      boolean startsWith(String prefix)
      Compares the specified string to this string to determine if the specified string is a prefix.
      boolean startsWith(String prefix, int start)
      Compares the specified string to this string, starting at the specified offset, to determine if the specified string is a prefix.
      CharSequence subSequence(int start, int end)
      Has the same result as the substring function, but is present so that string may implement the CharSequence interface.
      String substring(int start)
      Returns a string containing a suffix of this string.
      String substring(int start, int end)
      Returns a string containing a subsequence of characters from this string.
      char[] toCharArray()
      Copies the characters in this string to a character array.
      String toLowerCase()
      Converts this string to lower case, using the rules of the user's default locale.
      String toLowerCase(Locale locale)
      Converts this string to lower case, using the rules of locale.
      String toString()
      Returns this string.
      String toUpperCase()
      Converts this this string to upper case, using the rules of the user's default locale.
      String toUpperCase(Locale locale)
      Converts this this string to upper case, using the rules of locale.
      String trim()
      Copies this string removing white space characters from the beginning and end of the string.
      static String valueOf(boolean value)
      Converts the specified boolean to its string representation.
      static String valueOf(char value)
      Converts the specified character to its string representation.
      static String valueOf(char[] data)
      Creates a new string containing the characters in the specified character array.
      static String valueOf(char[] data, int start, int length)
      Creates a new string containing the specified characters in the character array.
      static String valueOf(double value)
      Converts the specified double to its string representation.
      static String valueOf(float value)
      Converts the specified float to its string representation.
      static String valueOf(int value)
      Converts the specified integer to its string representation.
      static String valueOf(long value)
      Converts the specified long to its string representation.
      static String valueOf(Object value)
      Converts the specified object to its string representation.
    • Field Detail

      • CASE_INSENSITIVE_ORDER

        public static final Comparator<String> CASE_INSENSITIVE_ORDER
        A comparator ignoring the case of the characters.
    • Constructor Detail

      • String

        public String()
        Creates an empty string.
      • String

        public String(byte[] data)
        Converts the byte array to a string using the system's default charset.
      • String

        @Deprecated
        public String(byte[] data,
                         int high)
        Deprecated. Use String(byte[]) or String(byte[], String) instead.
        Converts the byte array to a string, setting the high byte of every character to the specified value.
        Parameters:
        data - the byte array to convert to a string.
        high - the high byte to use.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data == null.
      • String

        public String(byte[] data,
              int offset,
              int byteCount,
              Charset charset)
        Converts the byte array to a string using the given charset.

        The behavior when the bytes cannot be decoded by the given charset is to replace malformed input and unmappable characters with the charset's default replacement string. Use CharsetDecoder for more control.

        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if byteCount < 0 || offset < 0 || offset + byteCount > data.length
        NullPointerException - if data == null
        Since:
        1.6
      • String

        public String(byte[] data,
              Charset charset)
        Converts the byte array to a String using the given charset.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data == null
        Since:
        1.6
      • String

        public String(char[] data)
        Initializes this string to contain the characters in the specified character array. Modifying the character array after creating the string has no effect on the string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data == null
      • String

        public String(char[] data,
              int offset,
              int charCount)
        Initializes this string to contain the specified characters in the character array. Modifying the character array after creating the string has no effect on the string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data == null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if charCount < 0 || offset < 0 || offset + charCount > data.length
      • String

        public String(String toCopy)
        Constructs a new string with the same sequence of characters as toCopy. The returned string's backing array is no larger than necessary.
      • String

        public String(StringBuffer stringBuffer)
        Creates a String from the contents of the specified StringBuffer.
      • String

        public String(int[] codePoints,
              int offset,
              int count)
        Creates a String from the sub-array of Unicode code points.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if codePoints == null.
        IllegalArgumentException - if any of the elements of codePoints are not valid Unicode code points.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if offset or count are not within the bounds of codePoints.
        Since:
        1.5
      • String

        public String(StringBuilder stringBuilder)
        Creates a String from the contents of the specified StringBuilder.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if stringBuilder == null.
        Since:
        1.5
    • Method Detail

      • charAt

        public char charAt(int index)
        Returns the character at the specified offset in this string.
        Specified by:
        charAt in interface CharSequence
        Parameters:
        index - the zero-based index in this string.
        Returns:
        the character at the index.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index < 0 or index >= length().
      • compareTo

        public int compareTo(String string)
        Compares the specified string to this string using the Unicode values of the characters. Returns 0 if the strings contain the same characters in the same order. Returns a negative integer if the first non-equal character in this string has a Unicode value which is less than the Unicode value of the character at the same position in the specified string, or if this string is a prefix of the specified string. Returns a positive integer if the first non-equal character in this string has a Unicode value which is greater than the Unicode value of the character at the same position in the specified string, or if the specified string is a prefix of this string.
        Specified by:
        compareTo in interface Comparable<String>
        Parameters:
        string - the string to compare.
        Returns:
        0 if the strings are equal, a negative integer if this string is before the specified string, or a positive integer if this string is after the specified string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if string is null.
      • compareToIgnoreCase

        public int compareToIgnoreCase(String string)
        Compares the specified string to this string using the Unicode values of the characters, ignoring case differences. Returns 0 if the strings contain the same characters in the same order. Returns a negative integer if the first non-equal character in this string has a Unicode value which is less than the Unicode value of the character at the same position in the specified string, or if this string is a prefix of the specified string. Returns a positive integer if the first non-equal character in this string has a Unicode value which is greater than the Unicode value of the character at the same position in the specified string, or if the specified string is a prefix of this string.
        Parameters:
        string - the string to compare.
        Returns:
        0 if the strings are equal, a negative integer if this string is before the specified string, or a positive integer if this string is after the specified string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if string is null.
      • concat

        public String concat(String string)
        Concatenates this string and the specified string.
        Parameters:
        string - the string to concatenate
        Returns:
        a new string which is the concatenation of this string and the specified string.
      • copyValueOf

        public static String copyValueOf(char[] data)
        Creates a new string containing the characters in the specified character array. Modifying the character array after creating the string has no effect on the string.
        Parameters:
        data - the array of characters.
        Returns:
        the new string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data is null.
      • copyValueOf

        public static String copyValueOf(char[] data,
                         int start,
                         int length)
        Creates a new string containing the specified characters in the character array. Modifying the character array after creating the string has no effect on the string.
        Parameters:
        data - the array of characters.
        start - the starting offset in the character array.
        length - the number of characters to use.
        Returns:
        the new string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if length < 0, start < 0 or start + length > data.length.
      • endsWith

        public boolean endsWith(String suffix)
        Compares the specified string to this string to determine if the specified string is a suffix.
        Parameters:
        suffix - the suffix to look for.
        Returns:
        true if the specified string is a suffix of this string, false otherwise.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if suffix is null.
      • equals

        public boolean equals(Object object)
        Compares the specified object to this string and returns true if they are equal. The object must be an instance of string with the same characters in the same order.
        Overrides:
        equals in class Object
        Parameters:
        object - the object to compare.
        Returns:
        true if the specified object is equal to this string, false otherwise.
        See Also:
        hashCode
      • equalsIgnoreCase

        public boolean equalsIgnoreCase(String string)
        Compares the specified string to this string ignoring the case of the characters and returns true if they are equal.
        Parameters:
        string - the string to compare.
        Returns:
        true if the specified string is equal to this string, false otherwise.
      • getBytes

        @Deprecated
        public void getBytes(int start,
                               int end,
                               byte[] data,
                               int index)
        Deprecated. Use getBytes() or getBytes(String)
        Mangles this string into a byte array by stripping the high order bits from each character. Use getBytes() or getBytes(String) instead.
        Parameters:
        start - the starting offset of characters to copy.
        end - the ending offset of characters to copy.
        data - the destination byte array.
        index - the starting offset in the destination byte array.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start < 0, end > length(), index < 0 or end - start > data.length - index.
      • getBytes

        public byte[] getBytes()
        Returns a new byte array containing the characters of this string encoded using the system's default charset.

        The behavior when this string cannot be represented in the system's default charset is unspecified. In practice, when the default charset is UTF-8 (as it is on Android), all strings can be encoded.

      • getBytes

        public byte[] getBytes(String charsetName)
                        throws UnsupportedEncodingException
        Returns a new byte array containing the characters of this string encoded using the named charset.

        The behavior when this string cannot be represented in the named charset is unspecified. Use CharsetEncoder for more control.

        Throws:
        UnsupportedEncodingException - if the charset is not supported
      • getBytes

        public byte[] getBytes(Charset charset)
        Returns a new byte array containing the characters of this string encoded using the given charset.

        The behavior when this string cannot be represented in the given charset is to replace malformed input and unmappable characters with the charset's default replacement byte array. Use CharsetEncoder for more control.

        Since:
        1.6
      • getChars

        public void getChars(int start,
                    int end,
                    char[] buffer,
                    int index)
        Copies the specified characters in this string to the character array starting at the specified offset in the character array.
        Parameters:
        start - the starting offset of characters to copy.
        end - the ending offset of characters to copy.
        buffer - the destination character array.
        index - the starting offset in the character array.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if buffer is null.
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start < 0, end > length(), start > end, index < 0, end - start > buffer.length - index
      • hashCode

        public int hashCode()
        Description copied from class: Object
        Returns an integer hash code for this object. By contract, any two objects for which Object.equals(java.lang.Object) returns true must return the same hash code value. This means that subclasses of Object usually override both methods or neither method.

        Note that hash values must not change over time unless information used in equals comparisons also changes.

        See Writing a correct hashCode method if you intend implementing your own hashCode method.

        Overrides:
        hashCode in class Object
        Returns:
        this object's hash code.
        See Also:
        Object.equals(java.lang.Object)
      • indexOf

        public int indexOf(int c)
        Searches in this string for the first index of the specified character. The search for the character starts at the beginning and moves towards the end of this string.
        Parameters:
        c - the character to find.
        Returns:
        the index in this string of the specified character, -1 if the character isn't found.
      • indexOf

        public int indexOf(int c,
                  int start)
        Searches in this string for the index of the specified character. The search for the character starts at the specified offset and moves towards the end of this string.
        Parameters:
        c - the character to find.
        start - the starting offset.
        Returns:
        the index in this string of the specified character, -1 if the character isn't found.
      • indexOf

        public int indexOf(String string)
        Searches in this string for the first index of the specified string. The search for the string starts at the beginning and moves towards the end of this string.
        Parameters:
        string - the string to find.
        Returns:
        the index of the first character of the specified string in this string, -1 if the specified string is not a substring.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if string is null.
      • indexOf

        public int indexOf(String subString,
                  int start)
        Searches in this string for the index of the specified string. The search for the string starts at the specified offset and moves towards the end of this string.
        Parameters:
        subString - the string to find.
        start - the starting offset.
        Returns:
        the index of the first character of the specified string in this string, -1 if the specified string is not a substring.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if subString is null.
      • intern

        public String intern()
        Returns an interned string equal to this string. The VM maintains an internal set of unique strings. All string literals found in loaded classes' constant pools are automatically interned. Manually-interned strings are only weakly referenced, so calling intern won't lead to unwanted retention.

        Interning is typically used because it guarantees that for interned strings a and b, a.equals(b) can be simplified to a == b. (This is not true of non-interned strings.)

        Many applications find it simpler and more convenient to use an explicit HashMap to implement their own pools.

      • isEmpty

        public boolean isEmpty()
        Returns true if the length of this string is 0.
        Since:
        1.6
      • lastIndexOf

        public int lastIndexOf(int c)
        Returns the last index of the code point c, or -1. The search for the character starts at the end and moves towards the beginning of this string.
      • lastIndexOf

        public int lastIndexOf(int c,
                      int start)
        Returns the last index of the code point c, or -1. The search for the character starts at offset start and moves towards the beginning of this string.
      • lastIndexOf

        public int lastIndexOf(String string)
        Searches in this string for the last index of the specified string. The search for the string starts at the end and moves towards the beginning of this string.
        Parameters:
        string - the string to find.
        Returns:
        the index of the first character of the specified string in this string, -1 if the specified string is not a substring.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if string is null.
      • lastIndexOf

        public int lastIndexOf(String subString,
                      int start)
        Searches in this string for the index of the specified string. The search for the string starts at the specified offset and moves towards the beginning of this string.
        Parameters:
        subString - the string to find.
        start - the starting offset.
        Returns:
        the index of the first character of the specified string in this string , -1 if the specified string is not a substring.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if subString is null.
      • length

        public int length()
        Returns the size of this string.
        Specified by:
        length in interface CharSequence
        Returns:
        the number of characters in this string.
      • regionMatches

        public boolean regionMatches(int thisStart,
                            String string,
                            int start,
                            int length)
        Compares the specified string to this string and compares the specified range of characters to determine if they are the same.
        Parameters:
        thisStart - the starting offset in this string.
        string - the string to compare.
        start - the starting offset in the specified string.
        length - the number of characters to compare.
        Returns:
        true if the ranges of characters are equal, false otherwise
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if string is null.
      • regionMatches

        public boolean regionMatches(boolean ignoreCase,
                            int thisStart,
                            String string,
                            int start,
                            int length)
        Compares the specified string to this string and compares the specified range of characters to determine if they are the same. When ignoreCase is true, the case of the characters is ignored during the comparison.
        Parameters:
        ignoreCase - specifies if case should be ignored.
        thisStart - the starting offset in this string.
        string - the string to compare.
        start - the starting offset in the specified string.
        length - the number of characters to compare.
        Returns:
        true if the ranges of characters are equal, false otherwise.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if string is null.
      • replace

        public String replace(char oldChar,
                     char newChar)
        Copies this string replacing occurrences of the specified character with another character.
        Parameters:
        oldChar - the character to replace.
        newChar - the replacement character.
        Returns:
        a new string with occurrences of oldChar replaced by newChar.
      • replace

        public String replace(CharSequence target,
                     CharSequence replacement)
        Copies this string replacing occurrences of the specified target sequence with another sequence. The string is processed from the beginning to the end.
        Parameters:
        target - the sequence to replace.
        replacement - the replacement sequence.
        Returns:
        the resulting string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if target or replacement is null.
      • startsWith

        public boolean startsWith(String prefix)
        Compares the specified string to this string to determine if the specified string is a prefix.
        Parameters:
        prefix - the string to look for.
        Returns:
        true if the specified string is a prefix of this string, false otherwise
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if prefix is null.
      • startsWith

        public boolean startsWith(String prefix,
                         int start)
        Compares the specified string to this string, starting at the specified offset, to determine if the specified string is a prefix.
        Parameters:
        prefix - the string to look for.
        start - the starting offset.
        Returns:
        true if the specified string occurs in this string at the specified offset, false otherwise.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if prefix is null.
      • substring

        public String substring(int start)
        Returns a string containing a suffix of this string. The returned string shares this string's backing array.
        Parameters:
        start - the offset of the first character.
        Returns:
        a new string containing the characters from start to the end of the string.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start < 0 or start > length().
      • substring

        public String substring(int start,
                       int end)
        Returns a string containing a subsequence of characters from this string. The returned string shares this string's backing array.
        Parameters:
        start - the offset of the first character.
        end - the offset one past the last character.
        Returns:
        a new string containing the characters from start to end - 1
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start < 0, start > end or end > length().
      • toCharArray

        public char[] toCharArray()
        Copies the characters in this string to a character array.
        Returns:
        a character array containing the characters of this string.
      • toLowerCase

        public String toLowerCase()
        Converts this string to lower case, using the rules of the user's default locale. See "Be wary of the default locale".
        Returns:
        a new lower case string, or this if it's already all lower case.
      • toLowerCase

        public String toLowerCase(Locale locale)
        Converts this string to lower case, using the rules of locale.

        Most case mappings are unaffected by the language of a Locale. Exceptions include dotted and dotless I in Azeri and Turkish locales, and dotted and dotless I and J in Lithuanian locales. On the other hand, it isn't necessary to provide a Greek locale to get correct case mapping of Greek characters: any locale will do.

        See http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/SpecialCasing.txt for full details of context- and language-specific special cases.

        Returns:
        a new lower case string, or this if it's already all lower case.
      • toUpperCase

        public String toUpperCase()
        Converts this this string to upper case, using the rules of the user's default locale. See "Be wary of the default locale".
        Returns:
        a new upper case string, or this if it's already all upper case.
      • toUpperCase

        public String toUpperCase(Locale locale)
        Converts this this string to upper case, using the rules of locale.

        Most case mappings are unaffected by the language of a Locale. Exceptions include dotted and dotless I in Azeri and Turkish locales, and dotted and dotless I and J in Lithuanian locales. On the other hand, it isn't necessary to provide a Greek locale to get correct case mapping of Greek characters: any locale will do.

        See http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/SpecialCasing.txt for full details of context- and language-specific special cases.

        Returns:
        a new upper case string, or this if it's already all upper case.
      • trim

        public String trim()
        Copies this string removing white space characters from the beginning and end of the string.
        Returns:
        a new string with characters <= \\u0020 removed from the beginning and the end.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(char[] data)
        Creates a new string containing the characters in the specified character array. Modifying the character array after creating the string has no effect on the string.
        Parameters:
        data - the array of characters.
        Returns:
        the new string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if data is null.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(char[] data,
                     int start,
                     int length)
        Creates a new string containing the specified characters in the character array. Modifying the character array after creating the string has no effect on the string.
        Parameters:
        data - the array of characters.
        start - the starting offset in the character array.
        length - the number of characters to use.
        Returns:
        the new string.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if length < 0, start < 0 or start + length > data.length
        NullPointerException - if data is null.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(char value)
        Converts the specified character to its string representation.
        Parameters:
        value - the character.
        Returns:
        the character converted to a string.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(double value)
        Converts the specified double to its string representation.
        Parameters:
        value - the double.
        Returns:
        the double converted to a string.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(float value)
        Converts the specified float to its string representation.
        Parameters:
        value - the float.
        Returns:
        the float converted to a string.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(int value)
        Converts the specified integer to its string representation.
        Parameters:
        value - the integer.
        Returns:
        the integer converted to a string.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(long value)
        Converts the specified long to its string representation.
        Parameters:
        value - the long.
        Returns:
        the long converted to a string.
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(Object value)
        Converts the specified object to its string representation. If the object is null return the string "null", otherwise use toString() to get the string representation.
        Parameters:
        value - the object.
        Returns:
        the object converted to a string, or the string "null".
      • valueOf

        public static String valueOf(boolean value)
        Converts the specified boolean to its string representation. When the boolean is true return "true", otherwise return "false".
        Parameters:
        value - the boolean.
        Returns:
        the boolean converted to a string.
      • contentEquals

        public boolean contentEquals(StringBuffer strbuf)
        Returns whether the characters in the StringBuffer strbuf are the same as those in this string.
        Parameters:
        strbuf - the StringBuffer to compare this string to.
        Returns:
        true if the characters in strbuf are identical to those in this string. If they are not, false will be returned.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if strbuf is null.
        Since:
        1.4
      • contentEquals

        public boolean contentEquals(CharSequence cs)
        Compares a CharSequence to this String to determine if their contents are equal.
        Parameters:
        cs - the character sequence to compare to.
        Returns:
        true if equal, otherwise false
        Since:
        1.5
      • matches

        public boolean matches(String regularExpression)
        Tests whether this string matches the given regularExpression. This method returns true only if the regular expression matches the entire input string. A common mistake is to assume that this method behaves like contains(java.lang.CharSequence); if you want to match anywhere within the input string, you need to add .* to the beginning and end of your regular expression. See Pattern.matches(java.lang.String, java.lang.CharSequence).

        If the same regular expression is to be used for multiple operations, it may be more efficient to reuse a compiled Pattern.

        Throws:
        PatternSyntaxException - if the syntax of the supplied regular expression is not valid.
        NullPointerException - if regularExpression == null
        Since:
        1.4
      • replaceAll

        public String replaceAll(String regularExpression,
                        String replacement)
        Replaces all matches for regularExpression within this string with the given replacement. See Pattern for regular expression syntax.

        If the same regular expression is to be used for multiple operations, it may be more efficient to reuse a compiled Pattern.

        Throws:
        PatternSyntaxException - if the syntax of the supplied regular expression is not valid.
        NullPointerException - if regularExpression == null
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Pattern
      • replaceFirst

        public String replaceFirst(String regularExpression,
                          String replacement)
        Replaces the first match for regularExpression within this string with the given replacement. See Pattern for regular expression syntax.

        If the same regular expression is to be used for multiple operations, it may be more efficient to reuse a compiled Pattern.

        Throws:
        PatternSyntaxException - if the syntax of the supplied regular expression is not valid.
        NullPointerException - if regularExpression == null
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Pattern
      • split

        public String[] split(String regularExpression)
        Splits this string using the supplied regularExpression. Equivalent to split(regularExpression, 0). See Pattern.split(CharSequence, int) for an explanation of limit. See Pattern for regular expression syntax.

        If the same regular expression is to be used for multiple operations, it may be more efficient to reuse a compiled Pattern.

        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if regularExpression == null
        PatternSyntaxException - if the syntax of the supplied regular expression is not valid.
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        Pattern
      • split

        public String[] split(String regularExpression,
                     int limit)
        Splits this string using the supplied regularExpression. See Pattern.split(CharSequence, int) for an explanation of limit. See Pattern for regular expression syntax.

        If the same regular expression is to be used for multiple operations, it may be more efficient to reuse a compiled Pattern.

        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if regularExpression == null
        PatternSyntaxException - if the syntax of the supplied regular expression is not valid.
        Since:
        1.4
      • subSequence

        public CharSequence subSequence(int start,
                               int end)
        Has the same result as the substring function, but is present so that string may implement the CharSequence interface.
        Specified by:
        subSequence in interface CharSequence
        Parameters:
        start - the offset the first character.
        end - the offset of one past the last character to include.
        Returns:
        the subsequence requested.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start < 0, end < 0, start > end or end > length().
        Since:
        1.4
        See Also:
        CharSequence.subSequence(int, int)
      • codePointCount

        public int codePointCount(int start,
                         int end)
        Calculates the number of Unicode code points between start and end.
        Parameters:
        start - the inclusive beginning index of the subsequence.
        end - the exclusive end index of the subsequence.
        Returns:
        the number of Unicode code points in the subsequence.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if start < 0 || end > length() || start > end
        Since:
        1.5
        See Also:
        Character.codePointCount(CharSequence, int, int)
      • contains

        public boolean contains(CharSequence cs)
        Determines if this String contains the sequence of characters in the CharSequence passed.
        Parameters:
        cs - the character sequence to search for.
        Returns:
        true if the sequence of characters are contained in this string, otherwise false.
        Since:
        1.5
      • offsetByCodePoints

        public int offsetByCodePoints(int index,
                             int codePointOffset)
        Returns the index within this object that is offset from index by codePointOffset code points.
        Parameters:
        index - the index within this object to calculate the offset from.
        codePointOffset - the number of code points to count.
        Returns:
        the index within this object that is the offset.
        Throws:
        IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or greater than length() or if there aren't enough code points before or after index to match codePointOffset.
        Since:
        1.5
      • format

        public static String format(String format,
                    Object... args)
        Returns a localized formatted string, using the supplied format and arguments, using the user's default locale.

        If you're formatting a string other than for human consumption, you should use the format(Locale, String, Object...) overload and supply Locale.US. See "Be wary of the default locale".

        Parameters:
        format - the format string (see Formatter.format(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object...))
        args - the list of arguments passed to the formatter. If there are more arguments than required by format, additional arguments are ignored.
        Returns:
        the formatted string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if format == null
        IllegalFormatException - if the format is invalid.
        Since:
        1.5
      • format

        public static String format(Locale locale,
                    String format,
                    Object... args)
        Returns a formatted string, using the supplied format and arguments, localized to the given locale.
        Parameters:
        locale - the locale to apply; null value means no localization.
        format - the format string (see Formatter.format(java.lang.String, java.lang.Object...))
        args - the list of arguments passed to the formatter. If there are more arguments than required by format, additional arguments are ignored.
        Returns:
        the formatted string.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - if format == null
        IllegalFormatException - if the format is invalid.
        Since:
        1.5


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