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Timer


java.util

Class Timer



  • public class Timer
    extends Object
    Timers schedule one-shot or recurring tasks for execution. Prefer ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor for new code.

    Each timer has one thread on which tasks are executed sequentially. When this thread is busy running a task, runnable tasks may be subject to delays.

    One-shot are scheduled to run at an absolute time or after a relative delay.

    Recurring tasks are scheduled with either a fixed period or a fixed rate:

    • With the default fixed-period execution, each successive run of a task is scheduled relative to the start time of the previous run, so two runs are never fired closer together in time than the specified period.
    • With fixed-rate execution, the start time of each successive run of a task is scheduled without regard for when the previous run took place. This may result in a series of bunched-up runs (one launched immediately after another) if delays prevent the timer from starting tasks on time.

    When a timer is no longer needed, users should call cancel(), which releases the timer's thread and other resources. Timers not explicitly cancelled may hold resources indefinitely.

    This class does not offer guarantees about the real-time nature of task scheduling. Multiple threads can share a single timer without synchronization.

    • Constructor Summary

      Constructors
      Constructor and Description
      Timer()
      Creates a new non-daemon Timer.
      Timer(boolean isDaemon)
      Creates a new Timer which may be specified to be run as a daemon thread.
      Timer(String name)
      Creates a new named Timer which does not run as a daemon thread.
      Timer(String name, boolean isDaemon)
      Creates a new named Timer which may be specified to be run as a daemon thread.
    • Constructor Detail

      • Timer

        public Timer(String name,
             boolean isDaemon)
        Creates a new named Timer which may be specified to be run as a daemon thread.
        Parameters:
        name - the name of the Timer.
        isDaemon - true if Timer's thread should be a daemon thread.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - is name is null
      • Timer

        public Timer(String name)
        Creates a new named Timer which does not run as a daemon thread.
        Parameters:
        name - the name of the Timer.
        Throws:
        NullPointerException - is name is null
      • Timer

        public Timer(boolean isDaemon)
        Creates a new Timer which may be specified to be run as a daemon thread.
        Parameters:
        isDaemon - true if the Timer's thread should be a daemon thread.
      • Timer

        public Timer()
        Creates a new non-daemon Timer.
    • Method Detail

      • cancel

        public void cancel()
        Cancels the Timer and all scheduled tasks. If there is a currently running task it is not affected. No more tasks may be scheduled on this Timer. Subsequent calls do nothing.
      • purge

        public int purge()
        Removes all canceled tasks from the task queue. If there are no other references on the tasks, then after this call they are free to be garbage collected.
        Returns:
        the number of canceled tasks that were removed from the task queue.
      • schedule

        public void schedule(TimerTask task,
                    Date when)
        Schedule a task for single execution. If when is less than the current time, it will be scheduled to be executed as soon as possible.
        Parameters:
        task - the task to schedule.
        when - time of execution.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if when.getTime() < 0.
        IllegalStateException - if the Timer has been canceled, or if the task has been scheduled or canceled.
      • schedule

        public void schedule(TimerTask task,
                    long delay)
        Schedule a task for single execution after a specified delay.
        Parameters:
        task - the task to schedule.
        delay - amount of time in milliseconds before execution.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if delay < 0.
        IllegalStateException - if the Timer has been canceled, or if the task has been scheduled or canceled.
      • schedule

        public void schedule(TimerTask task,
                    long delay,
                    long period)
        Schedule a task for repeated fixed-delay execution after a specific delay.
        Parameters:
        task - the task to schedule.
        delay - amount of time in milliseconds before first execution.
        period - amount of time in milliseconds between subsequent executions.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if delay < 0 or period <= 0.
        IllegalStateException - if the Timer has been canceled, or if the task has been scheduled or canceled.
      • schedule

        public void schedule(TimerTask task,
                    Date when,
                    long period)
        Schedule a task for repeated fixed-delay execution after a specific time has been reached.
        Parameters:
        task - the task to schedule.
        when - time of first execution.
        period - amount of time in milliseconds between subsequent executions.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if when.getTime() < 0 or period <= 0.
        IllegalStateException - if the Timer has been canceled, or if the task has been scheduled or canceled.
      • scheduleAtFixedRate

        public void scheduleAtFixedRate(TimerTask task,
                               long delay,
                               long period)
        Schedule a task for repeated fixed-rate execution after a specific delay has passed.
        Parameters:
        task - the task to schedule.
        delay - amount of time in milliseconds before first execution.
        period - amount of time in milliseconds between subsequent executions.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if delay < 0 or period <= 0.
        IllegalStateException - if the Timer has been canceled, or if the task has been scheduled or canceled.
      • scheduleAtFixedRate

        public void scheduleAtFixedRate(TimerTask task,
                               Date when,
                               long period)
        Schedule a task for repeated fixed-rate execution after a specific time has been reached.
        Parameters:
        task - the task to schedule.
        when - time of first execution.
        period - amount of time in milliseconds between subsequent executions.
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if when.getTime() < 0 or period <= 0.
        IllegalStateException - if the Timer has been canceled, or if the task has been scheduled or canceled.


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