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The Iterator interface


The Iterator interface

(PHP 5 >= 5.0.0)

Introduction

Interface for external iterators or objects that can be iterated themselves internally.

Interface synopsis

Iterator extends Traversable {
/* Methods */
abstract public mixed current ( void )
abstract public scalar key ( void )
abstract public void next ( void )
abstract public void rewind ( void )
abstract public boolean valid ( void )
}

Predefined iterators

PHP already provides a number of iterators for many day to day tasks. See SPL iterators for a list.

Examples

Example #1 Basic usage

This example demonstrates in which order methods are called when using foreach with an iterator.

<?php
class myIterator implements Iterator {
    private 
$position 0;
    private 
$array = array(
        
"firstelement",
        
"secondelement",
        
"lastelement",
    );  

    public function 
__construct() {
        
$this->position 0;
    }

    function 
rewind() {
        
var_dump(__METHOD__);
        
$this->position 0;
    }

    function 
current() {
        
var_dump(__METHOD__);
        return 
$this->array[$this->position];
    }

    function 
key() {
        
var_dump(__METHOD__);
        return 
$this->position;
    }

    function 
next() {
        
var_dump(__METHOD__);
        ++
$this->position;
    }

    function 
valid() {
        
var_dump(__METHOD__);
        return isset(
$this->array[$this->position]);
    }
}

$it = new myIterator;

foreach(
$it as $key => $value) {
    
var_dump($key$value);
    echo 
"\n";
}
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

 string(18) "myIterator::rewind" string(17) "myIterator::valid" string(19) "myIterator::current" string(15) "myIterator::key" int(0) string(12) "firstelement" string(16) "myIterator::next" string(17) "myIterator::valid" string(19) "myIterator::current" string(15) "myIterator::key" int(1) string(13) "secondelement" string(16) "myIterator::next" string(17) "myIterator::valid" string(19) "myIterator::current" string(15) "myIterator::key" int(2) string(11) "lastelement" string(16) "myIterator::next" string(17) "myIterator::valid" 

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