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PHP

Input/output streams


Input/output streams

The CLI SAPI defines a few constants for I/O streams to make programming for the command line a bit easier.

CLI specific Constants
Constant Description
STDIN

An already opened stream to stdin. This saves opening it with

<?php
$stdin 
fopen('php://stdin''r');
?>
If you want to read single line from stdin, you can use
<?php
$line 
trim(fgets(STDIN)); // reads one line from STDIN
fscanf(STDIN"%d\n"$number); // reads number from STDIN
?>

STDOUT

An already opened stream to stdout. This saves opening it with

<?php
$stdout 
fopen('php://stdout''w');
?>

STDERR

An already opened stream to stderr. This saves opening it with

<?php
$stderr 
fopen('php://stderr''w');
?>

Given the above, you don't need to open e.g. a stream for stderr yourself but simply use the constant instead of the stream resource:

php -r 'fwrite(STDERR, "stderr\n");'
You do not need to explicitly close these streams, as they are closed automatically by PHP when your script ends.

Note:

These constants are not available if reading the PHP script from stdin.



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