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Removes duplicate values from an array


array_unique

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5)

array_uniqueRemoves duplicate values from an array

Description

array array_unique ( array $array [, int $sort_flags = SORT_STRING ] )

Takes an input array and returns a new array without duplicate values.

Note that keys are preserved. array_unique() sorts the values treated as string at first, then will keep the first key encountered for every value, and ignore all following keys. It does not mean that the key of the first related value from the unsorted array will be kept.

Note: Two elements are considered equal if and only if (string) $elem1 === (string) $elem2. In words: when the string representation is the same. The first element will be used.

Parameters

array

The input array.

sort_flags

The optional second parameter sort_flags may be used to modify the sorting behavior using these values:

Sorting type flags:

  • SORT_REGULAR - compare items normally (don't change types)
  • SORT_NUMERIC - compare items numerically
  • SORT_STRING - compare items as strings
  • SORT_LOCALE_STRING - compare items as strings, based on the current locale.

Return Values

Returns the filtered array.

Changelog

Version Description
5.2.10 Changed the default value of sort_flags back to SORT_STRING.
5.2.9 Added the optional sort_flags defaulting to SORT_REGULAR. Prior to 5.2.9, this function used to sort the array with SORT_STRING internally.

Examples

Example #1 array_unique() example

<?php
$input 
= array("a" => "green""red""b" => "green""blue""red");
$result array_unique($input);
print_r($result);
?>

The above example will output:

 Array (  [a] => green  [0] => red  [1] => blue ) 

Example #2 array_unique() and types

<?php
$input 
= array(4"4""3"43"3");
$result array_unique($input);
var_dump($result);
?>

The above example will output:

 array(2) { [0] => int(4) [2] => string(1) "3" } 

See Also

Notes

Note: Note that array_unique() is not intended to work on multi dimensional arrays.



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