IT. Expert System.

PHP

Create an anonymous (lambda-style) function


create_function

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.1, PHP 5)

create_functionCreate an anonymous (lambda-style) function

Description

string create_function ( string $args , string $code )

Creates an anonymous function from the parameters passed, and returns a unique name for it.

Parameters

Usually these parameters will be passed as single quote delimited strings. The reason for using single quoted strings, is to protect the variable names from parsing, otherwise, if you use double quotes there will be a need to escape the variable names, e.g. \$avar.

args

The function arguments.

code

The function code.

Return Values

Returns a unique function name as a string, or FALSE on error.

Examples

Example #1 Creating an anonymous function with create_function()

You can use this function, to (for example) create a function from information gathered at run time:

<?php
$newfunc 
create_function('$a,$b''return "ln($a) + ln($b) = " . log($a * $b);');
echo 
"New anonymous function: $newfunc\n";
echo 
$newfunc(2M_E) . "\n";
// outputs
// New anonymous function: lambda_1
// ln(2) + ln(2.718281828459) = 1.6931471805599
?>

Or, perhaps to have general handler function that can apply a set of operations to a list of parameters:

Example #2 Making a general processing function with create_function()

<?php
function process($var1$var2$farr)
{
    foreach (
$farr as $f) {
        echo 
$f($var1$var2) . "\n";
    }
}

// create a bunch of math functions
$f1 'if ($a >=0) {return "b*a^2 = ".$b*sqrt($a);} else {return false;}';
$f2 "return \"min(b^2+a, a^2,b) = \".min(\$a*\$a+\$b,\$b*\$b+\$a);";
$f3 'if ($a > 0 && $b != 0) {return "ln(a)/b = ".log($a)/$b; } else { return false; }';
$farr = array(
    
create_function('$x,$y''return "some trig: ".(sin($x) + $x*cos($y));'),
    
create_function('$x,$y''return "a hypotenuse: ".sqrt($x*$x + $y*$y);'),
    
create_function('$a,$b'$f1),
    
create_function('$a,$b'$f2),
    
create_function('$a,$b'$f3)
    );

echo 
"\nUsing the first array of anonymous functions\n";
echo 
"parameters: 2.3445, M_PI\n";
process(2.3445M_PI$farr);

// now make a bunch of string processing functions
$garr = array(
    
create_function('$b,$a''if (strncmp($a, $b, 3) == 0) return "** \"$a\" '.
    
'and \"$b\"\n** Look the same to me! (looking at the first 3 chars)";'),
    
create_function('$a,$b''; return "CRCs: " . crc32($a) . ", ".crc32($b);'),
    
create_function('$a,$b''; return "similar(a,b) = " . similar_text($a, $b, &$p) . "($p%)";')
    );
echo 
"\nUsing the second array of anonymous functions\n";
process("Twas brilling and the slithy toves""Twas the night"$garr);
?>

The above example will output:

 Using the first array of anonymous functions parameters: 2.3445, M_PI some trig: -1.6291725057799 a hypotenuse: 3.9199852871011 b*a^2 = 4.8103313314525 min(b^2+a, a^2,b) = 8.6382729035898 ln(a)/b = 0.27122299212594 Using the second array of anonymous functions ** "Twas the night" and "Twas brilling and the slithy toves" ** Look the same to me! (looking at the first 3 chars) CRCs: -725381282, 342550513 similar(a,b) = 11(45.833333333333%) 

But perhaps the most common use for of lambda-style (anonymous) functions is to create callback functions, for example when using array_walk() or usort()

Example #3 Using anonymous functions as callback functions

<?php
$av 
= array("the ""a ""that ""this ");
array_walk($avcreate_function('&$v,$k''$v = $v . "mango";'));
print_r($av);
?>

The above example will output:

 Array ( [0] => the mango [1] => a mango [2] => that mango [3] => this mango ) 

an array of strings ordered from shorter to longer

<?php

$sv 
= array("small""larger""a big string""it is a string thing");
print_r($sv);

?>

The above example will output:

 Array ( [0] => small [1] => larger [2] => a big string [3] => it is a string thing ) 

sort it from longer to shorter

<?php

usort
($svcreate_function('$a,$b','return strlen($b) - strlen($a);'));
print_r($sv);

?>

The above example will output:

 Array ( [0] => it is a string thing [1] => a big string [2] => larger [3] => small ) 



Content

Android Reference

Java basics

Java Enterprise Edition (EE)

Java Standard Edition (SE)

SQL

HTML

PHP

CSS

Java Script

MYSQL

JQUERY

VBS

REGEX

C

C++

C#

Design patterns

RFC (standard status)

RFC (proposed standard status)

RFC (draft standard status)

RFC (informational status)

RFC (experimental status)

RFC (best current practice status)

RFC (historic status)

RFC (unknown status)

IT dictionary

License.
All information of this service is derived from the free sources and is provided solely in the form of quotations. This service provides information and interfaces solely for the familiarization (not ownership) and under the "as is" condition.
Copyright 2016 © ELTASK.COM. All rights reserved.
Site is optimized for mobile devices.
Downloads: 1395 / . Delta: 0.04323 с