IT. Expert System.

PHP

Match filename against a pattern


fnmatch

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

fnmatchMatch filename against a pattern

Description

bool fnmatch ( string $pattern , string $string [, int $flags = 0 ] )

fnmatch() checks if the passed string would match the given shell wildcard pattern.

Parameters

pattern

The shell wildcard pattern.

string

The tested string. This function is especially useful for filenames, but may also be used on regular strings.

The average user may be used to shell patterns or at least in their simplest form to '?' and '*' wildcards so using fnmatch() instead of preg_match() for frontend search expression input may be way more convenient for non-programming users.

flags

The value of flags can be any combination of the following flags, joined with the binary OR (|) operator.

A list of possible flags for fnmatch()
Flag Description
FNM_NOESCAPE Disable backslash escaping.
FNM_PATHNAME Slash in string only matches slash in the given pattern.
FNM_PERIOD Leading period in string must be exactly matched by period in the given pattern.
FNM_CASEFOLD Caseless match. Part of the GNU extension.

Return Values

Returns TRUE if there is a match, FALSE otherwise.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 This function is now available on Windows platforms.

Examples

Example #1 Checking a color name against a shell wildcard pattern

<?php
if (fnmatch("*gr[ae]y"$color)) {
  echo 
"some form of gray ...";
}
?>

Notes

Warning

For now this function is not available on non-POSIX compliant systems.

See Also

  • glob() - Find pathnames matching a pattern
  • preg_match() - Perform a regular expression match
  • sscanf() - Parses input from a string according to a format
  • printf() - Output a formatted string
  • sprintf() - Return a formatted string



Content

Android Reference

Java basics

Java Enterprise Edition (EE)

Java Standard Edition (SE)

SQL

HTML

PHP

CSS

Java Script

MYSQL

JQUERY

VBS

REGEX

C

C++

C#

Design patterns

RFC (standard status)

RFC (proposed standard status)

RFC (draft standard status)

RFC (informational status)

RFC (experimental status)

RFC (best current practice status)

RFC (historic status)

RFC (unknown status)

IT dictionary

License.
All information of this service is derived from the free sources and is provided solely in the form of quotations. This service provides information and interfaces solely for the familiarization (not ownership) and under the "as is" condition.
Copyright 2016 © ELTASK.COM. All rights reserved.
Site is optimized for mobile devices.
Downloads: 183 / . Delta: 0.04186 с