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PHP

Get the size of an image


getimagesize

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

getimagesizeGet the size of an image

Description

array getimagesize ( string $filename [, array &$imageinfo ] )

The getimagesize() function will determine the size of any given image file and return the dimensions along with the file type and a height/width text string to be used inside a normal HTML IMG tag and the correspondant HTTP content type.

getimagesize() can also return some more information in imageinfo parameter.

Note: Note that JPC and JP2 are capable of having components with different bit depths. In this case, the value for "bits" is the highest bit depth encountered. Also, JP2 files may contain multiple JPEG 2000 codestreams. In this case, getimagesize() returns the values for the first codestream it encounters in the root of the file.

Note: The information about icons are retrieved from the icon with the highest bitrate.

Parameters

filename

This parameter specifies the file you wish to retrieve information about. It can reference a local file or (configuration permitting) a remote file using one of the supported streams.

imageinfo

This optional parameter allows you to extract some extended information from the image file. Currently, this will return the different JPG APP markers as an associative array. Some programs use these APP markers to embed text information in images. A very common one is to embed » IPTC information in the APP13 marker. You can use the iptcparse() function to parse the binary APP13 marker into something readable.

Return Values

Returns an array with 7 elements.

Index 0 and 1 contains respectively the width and the height of the image.

Note:

Some formats may contain no image or may contain multiple images. In these cases, getimagesize() might not be able to properly determine the image size. getimagesize() will return zero for width and height in these cases.

Index 2 is one of the IMAGETYPE_XXX constants indicating the type of the image.

Index 3 is a text string with the correct height="yyy" width="xxx" string that can be used directly in an IMG tag.

mime is the correspondant MIME type of the image. This information can be used to deliver images with the correct HTTP Content-type header:

Example #1 getimagesize() and MIME types

<?php
$size 
getimagesize($filename);
$fp fopen($filename"rb");
if (
$size && $fp) {
    
header("Content-type: {$size['mime']}");
    
fpassthru($fp);
    exit;
} else {
    
// error
}
?>

channels will be 3 for RGB pictures and 4 for CMYK pictures.

bits is the number of bits for each color.

For some image types, the presence of channels and bits values can be a bit confusing. As an example, GIF always uses 3 channels per pixel, but the number of bits per pixel cannot be calculated for an animated GIF with a global color table.

On failure, FALSE is returned.

Errors/Exceptions

If accessing the filename image is impossible, or if it isn't a valid picture, getimagesize() will generate an error of level E_WARNING. On read error, getimagesize() will generate an error of level E_NOTICE.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 Added icon support.
5.2.3 Read errors generated by this function downgraded to E_NOTICE from E_WARNING.
4.3.2 Support for JPC, JP2, JPX, JB2, XBM, and WBMP became available.
4.3.2 JPEG 2000 support was added for the imageinfo parameter.
4.3.0 bits and channels are present for other image types, too.
4.3.0 mime was added.
4.3.0 Support for SWC and IFF was added.
4.2.0 Support for TIFF was added.
4.0.6 Support for BMP and PSD was added.
4.0.5 URL support was added.

Examples

Example #2 getimagesize() example

<?php
list($width$height$type$attr) = getimagesize("img/flag.jpg");
echo 
"<img src=\"img/flag.jpg\" $attr alt=\"getimagesize() example\" />";
?>

Example #3 getimagesize (URL)

<?php
$size 
getimagesize("http://www.example.com/gifs/logo.gif");

// if the file name has space in it, encode it properly
$size getimagesize("http://www.example.com/gifs/lo%20go.gif");

?>

Example #4 getimagesize() returning IPTC

<?php
$size 
getimagesize("testimg.jpg"$info);
if (isset(
$info["APP13"])) {
    
$iptc iptcparse($info["APP13"]);
    
var_dump($iptc);
}
?>

Notes

Note:

This function does not require the GD image library.

See Also



Content

Android Reference

Java basics

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