(PHP 4, PHP 5)
mcrypt_create_iv — Creates an initialization vector (IV) from a random source
$source= MCRYPT_DEV_RANDOM ] )
Creates an initialization vector (IV) from a random source.
The IV is only meant to give an alternative seed to the encryption routines. This IV does not need to be secret at all, though it can be desirable. You even can send it along with your ciphertext without losing security.
The size of the IV.
The source of the IV. The source can be
MCRYPT_RAND (system random number generator),
MCRYPT_DEV_RANDOM (read data from /dev/random) and
MCRYPT_DEV_URANDOM (read data from /dev/urandom). Prior to 5.3.0,
MCRYPT_RAND was the only one supported on Windows.
Returns the initialization vector, or
FALSE on error.
|5.3.0||It is no longer required to call srand() first. This is now done automatically.|
Example #1 mcrypt_create_iv() Example
$size = mcrypt_get_iv_size(MCRYPT_CAST_256, MCRYPT_MODE_CFB);
$iv = mcrypt_create_iv($size, MCRYPT_DEV_RANDOM);