IT. Expert System.

PHP

Scope Resolution Operator (::)


Scope Resolution Operator (::)

Caution

The following is valid for PHP 4 and later only.

Sometimes it is useful to refer to functions and variables in base classes or to refer to functions in classes that have not yet any instances. The :: operator is being used for this.

<?php
class {
    function 
example() {
        echo 
"I am the original function A::example().<br />\n";
    }
}

class 
extends {
    function 
example() {
        echo 
"I am the redefined function B::example().<br />\n";
        
A::example();
    }
}

// there is no object of class A.
// this will print
//   I am the original function A::example().<br />
A::example();

// create an object of class B.
$b = new B;

// this will print 
//   I am the redefined function B::example().<br />
//   I am the original function A::example().<br />
$b->example();
?>

The above example calls the function example() in class A, but there is no object of class A, so that we cannot write $a->example() or similar. Instead we call example() as a 'class function', that is, as a function of the class itself, not any object of that class.

There are class functions, but there are no class variables. In fact, there is no object at all at the time of the call. Thus, a class function may not use any object variables (but it can use local and global variables), and it may not use $this at all.

In the above example, class B redefines the function example(). The original definition in class A is shadowed and no longer available, unless you are referring specifically to the implementation of example() in class A using the ::-operator. Write A::example() to do this (in fact, you should be writing parent::example(), as shown in the next section).

In this context, there is a current object and it may have object variables. Thus, when used from WITHIN an object function, you may use $this and object variables.



Content

Android Reference

Java basics

Java Enterprise Edition (EE)

Java Standard Edition (SE)

SQL

HTML

PHP

CSS

Java Script

MYSQL

JQUERY

VBS

REGEX

C

C++

C#

Design patterns

RFC (standard status)

RFC (proposed standard status)

RFC (draft standard status)

RFC (informational status)

RFC (experimental status)

RFC (best current practice status)

RFC (historic status)

RFC (unknown status)

IT dictionary

License.
All information of this service is derived from the free sources and is provided solely in the form of quotations. This service provides information and interfaces solely for the familiarization (not ownership) and under the "as is" condition.
Copyright 2016 © ELTASK.COM. All rights reserved.
Site is optimized for mobile devices.
Downloads: 323 / 158675131. Delta: 0.00335 с